Written by on . Last updated April 16th, 2024.

A significant Magnitude 5.1 earthquake struck under land 264 kilometer from Kabul in Afghanistan in the afternoon of Thursday March 28th, 2024. Other countries near the epicenter include Tajikistan and Pakistan.

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Earthquake Summary

The earthquake struck on land in Afghanistan, 264 kilometer (164 mi) north-east of Kabul. The center of this earthquake had an intermediate depth of 106 km.

Date and Time: Mar 28, 2024 15:55 (Dushanbe Time)
- Mar 28, 2024 10:55 Universal Time.
Location: 66 km SW of Ishqoshim, Gorno-Badakhshan, Tajikistan.
Coordinates 36°15'2"N 71°10'31"E.
Map: Map of area around epicenter.
Map of area around epicenter. Click to open in Google Maps.
Magnitude: MAG 5.1
Detected by 187 stations. Maximum Error Range ±0.055 .
Depth: 106 km (66 mi)
An intermediate depth.
Tsunami Risk: Tsunami very unlikely
Tsunami's are usually caused by MAG-6.5+ earthquakes, less than 100km shallow, and with an epicenter under sea. Neither of this seems to be the case.
Always stay cautious - More info here.

Nearby towns and cities

Tajikistan , Afghanistan and Pakistan are all located within 300km distance of the epicenter of the earthquake.

Located 66 kilometer (41 mi) southwest of the epicenter of this earthquake, Ishqoshim (Gorno-Badakhshan, Tajikistan) is the nearest significant population center.

Multiple major population centers exist within 300km of the earthquake that struck today. Kabul is located 264 km to the southwest. Peshawar is located 252 km to the south. Battagram is located 242 km to the south-east.

A complete list of nearby places is included below.

Overview of nearby places

Distance Place
66 km (41 mi)
NE from epicenter
Ishqoshim

Gorno-Badakhshan, Tajikistan.
110 km (68 mi)
NNW from epicenter
Fayzabad

Badakhshan, Afghanistan.
129 km (80 mi)
SE from epicenter
Thal

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
132 km (82 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Upper Dir

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
136 km (85 mi)
S from epicenter
Āsmār

Kunar, Afghanistan.
142 km (88 mi)
NNE from epicenter
Khorugh

Gorno-Badakhshan, Tajikistan.
153 km (95 mi)
S from epicenter
Asadābād

Kunar, Afghanistan.
154 km (96 mi)
NW from epicenter
Rustāq

Takhar, Afghanistan.
156 km (97 mi)
WNW from epicenter
Taloqan

Takhar, Afghanistan.
177 km (110 mi)
WNW from epicenter
Ārt Khwājah

Takhar, Afghanistan.
182 km (113 mi)
SW from epicenter
Bāzārak

Panjshir, Afghanistan.
184 km (114 mi)
W from epicenter
Nahrīn

Baghlan, Afghanistan.
191 km (119 mi)
WNW from epicenter
Khanabad

Kunduz, Afghanistan.
195 km (121 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Bat Khela

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
196 km (122 mi)
SSW from epicenter
Mehtar Lām

Laghman, Afghanistan.
196 km (122 mi)
SE from epicenter
Mingora

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
200 km (124 mi)
NW from epicenter
Chubek

Khatlon, Tajikistan.
210 km (130 mi)
NW from epicenter
Farkhor

Khatlon, Tajikistan.
213 km (132 mi)
SSW from epicenter
Jalālābād

Nangarhar, Afghanistan.
214 km (133 mi)
WNW from epicenter
Kunduz

Kunduz, Afghanistan.
220 km (137 mi)
NW from epicenter
Hulbuk

Khatlon, Tajikistan.
221 km (137 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Tangi

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
222 km (138 mi)
NW from epicenter
Kŭlob

Khatlon, Tajikistan.
222 km (138 mi)
W from epicenter
Baghlān

Baghlan, Afghanistan.
224 km (139 mi)
W from epicenter
Pul-e Khumrī

Baghlan, Afghanistan.
227 km (141 mi)
SW from epicenter
Charikar

Parwan, Afghanistan.
229 km (142 mi)
S from epicenter
Shabqadar

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
236 km (147 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Utmanzai

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
239 km (149 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Charsadda

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
239 km (149 mi)
WNW from epicenter
Qarāwul

Kunduz, Afghanistan.
242 km (150 mi)
SE from epicenter
Battagram

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
242 km (150 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Mardan

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
252 km (157 mi)
S from epicenter
Peshawar

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
255 km (158 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Pabbi

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
255 km (158 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Risalpur Cantonment

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
259 km (161 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Aman Garh

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
261 km (162 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Nowshera Cantonment

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
264 km (164 mi)
SW from epicenter
Kabul

Kabul, Afghanistan.
264 km (164 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Swabi

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
271 km (168 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Tordher

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
274 km (170 mi)
SW from epicenter
Paghmān

Kabul, Afghanistan.
276 km (171 mi)
NW from epicenter
Bokhtar

Khatlon, Tajikistan.
276 km (171 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Topi

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
282 km (175 mi)
SE from epicenter
Mansehra

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
283 km (176 mi)
W from epicenter
Aībak

Samangan, Afghanistan.
289 km (180 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Khalabat

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
295 km (183 mi)
SE from epicenter
Muzaffarābād

Azad Kashmir, Pakistan.
297 km (185 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Haripur

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
297 km (185 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Attock City

Punjab, Pakistan.
298 km (185 mi)
S from epicenter
Kohat

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
298 km (185 mi)
SE from epicenter
Abbottabad

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
Cities and Towns around the epicenter of this earthquake.

Shaking reported by 3 people

People that feel an earthquake may report their experience to the US Geographic Survey. Currently, 3 people have reported shaking in 2 places in Pakistan.We keep updating this article as more ground reports become available. You may report that you felt this earthquake here.

Places with most reports:

  • Islamabad, Federal Capital Area, Pakistan: 2 people.
  • Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan: 1 person.

Aftershocks detected

Since this main shock, 1 smaller aftershock was detected. A 4.4 magnitude earthquake hit 13 hrs later 11 km (7 mi) south-southwest of this earthquake.

This main shock was prefaced by 1 smaller foreshock. Roughly 2 days before this earthquake, a foreshock measuring MAG-4.6 was detected nearby this earthquake.

Overview of foreshocks and aftershocks

Classification Magnitude When Where
Foreshock M 4.6 2 days earlier
Mar 26, 2024 01:02PM (Dushanbe Time)
44 km (27 mi)
NNW from Main Shock.
Main Shock
This Earthquake
M 5.1 Mar 28, 2024 03:55PM
(Dushanbe Time)
-
Aftershock M 4.4 13 hrs later
Mar 29, 2024 04:41AM (Dushanbe Time)
11 km (7 mi)
SSW from Main Shock.
Detected MAG2.5+ earthquakes within within 100km (62 mi), that occurred in the three days before and after the main shock.

More earthquakes coming?

The risk of aftershocks decreases rapidly over time. Usually, aftershocks are at least one order of magnitude lower than a main shock.

In only six percent of cases, significant earthquakes are followed by a larger main shock, making the current earthquake a foreshock. While the chance of this happening is not so large, it is adviced to maintain cautiousness in the hours and days following a major earthquake.

Read: How to Stay Safe during an Earthquake (cdc.gov).

Earthquakes like this happen often in the region

Earthquakes of this strength are very common in the region. This is the strongest earthquake to hit since January 11th, 2024, when a 6.4 magnitude earthquake hit 58 km (36 mi) further west-northwest. An even stronger magnitude 7.5 earthquake struck on October 26th, 2015.

In total, 60 earthquakes with a magnitude of 5.1 or higher have been registered within 300km (186 mi) of this epicenter in the past 10 years. This comes down to an average of once every 2 months.

Tsunami very unlikely

DISCLAIMER: We strongly suggest to closely monitor advice from local authorities with regards to tsunami risks. Our analysis is based on automatically collected data from external sources, and these might contain mistakes. In addition, earthquakes can cause landslides that may lead to a tsunami, or be a followed by another, potentially stonger, earthquake.

It is very unlikely that this eartquake will cause any tsunami's. The reported magnitude is lower than the MAG-6.5 strength required to cause any earthquakes. In addition, this earthquake was not very shallow and appears to have occurred under land. However always stay cautious and monitor advice from local authorities.

Tsunami Risk Factors

Factor Under Sea? MAG-6.5 or stronger? Shallow depth?
Explanation Almost all tsunami's are caused by earthquakes with their epicenter under sea or very near the sea. However stay cautious in coastal areas as earthquakes on land may cause landslides into sea, potentially still causing a local tsunami. Under MAG 6.5: Very unlikely to cause a tsunami.
MAG 6.5 to 7.5: Destructive tsunami's do occur, but are uncommon. Likely to observe small sea level changes.
MAG 7.6+: Earthquakes with these magnitudes might produce destructive tsunami's.
Most destructive tsunami's are caused by shallow earthquakes with a depth between 0 and 100km under the surface of the earth. Deeper tsunami's are unlikely to displace to ocean floor.
This Earthquake Not this earthquake.
This earthquake appears to have struck on land far from any coast.
Not this earthquake.
This earthquake had a magnitude of 5.1. Earthquakes of this strength are unlikely to trigger a tsunami.
Not this earthquake.
This earthquake occurred at a depth of 106 km (66 mi). Earthquakes this deep in the earth are unlikely to trigger a tsunami.

Sources

Last updated 16/04/24 12:58 (). This article contains currently available information about the earthquake and is automatically composed. We continue to update this article up to a few days after the earthquake occurred.

  1. US Geographic Society (USGS): Earthquake us7000m8ib
  2. European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre (EMSC): Earthquake 20240328_0000124
  3. Geonames.org: World Cities Database
  4. Google Maps: Static API
  5. Earthquakelist.org: Historic Earthquakes Database

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