Written by on . Last updated March 3rd, 2024.

In the early afternoon of Thursday January 11th, 2024, a strong MAG-6.4 earthquake hit under land 69 kilometer from Fayzabad in Afghanistan. Roughly 15 million people may have felt this earthquake. Tajikistan and Pakistan are also near its epicenter.

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Earthquake Summary

The earthquake struck on land in Afghanistan, 69 kilometer (43 mi) south of Fayzabad in Badakhshan. The center of this earthquake had an intermediate depth of 211 km.

Date and Time: Jan 11, 2024 01:50PM (Kabul Time)
- Jan 11, 2024 09:20 Universal Time.
Location: 69 km south of Fayzabad, Badakhshan, Afghanistan.
Coordinates 36°29'60"N 70°37'39"E.
Map: Map of area around epicenter.
Map of area around epicenter. Click to open in Google Maps.
Magnitude: MAG 6.4
Detected by 62 stations. Maximum Error Range ±0.039 .
Depth: 211 km (131 mi)
An intermediate depth.
Max. Intensity:
V
Moderate

On the Modified Mercalli Scale.
Tsunami Risk: Tsunami very unlikely
Tsunami's are usually caused by MAG-6.5+ earthquakes, less than 100km shallow, and with an epicenter under sea. Neither of this seems to be the case.
Always stay cautious - More info here.

Minimal impact predicted

Based on scientific estimates by the US Geographic Survey (USGS), the risk of high fatalities for this earthquake is classified at level GREEN (low). They expect an 65% likelyhood of between 0 and 1 fatalities, and a 96% chance that the number of fatalities falls no higher than 10.

The USGS classifies the economic impact of this earthquake at level GREEN (low). They expect an 65% likelyhood of between 0 and 1 million US Dollars in economic damage and impact, and a 96% chance that the economic impact of this earthquake falls no higher than 10 million USD.

Roughly 15 million people exposed to shaking

This earthquake may have been felt by around 15 million people. That is the expected population size of the area exposed to a level of shaking of II or higher on the Modified Mercalli scale according to the USGS.

Light shaking and likely no damage may have been experienced by an estimated 12,850,000 people. At IV, it is the highest MMI level this earthquake has caused.

People in 3 countries have been exposed to shaking. Roughly 6.5 million people were exposed to shaking in Afghanistan , with level IV (light shaking, likely no damage) as the highest recorded. In Pakistan , around 5.5 million people. In Tajikistan , around 3 million people.

People MMI Level Shaking Damage
0
I
Not noticable None
0
II
Very weak None
2,167,000
III
Weak Probably none
12,850,000
IV
Light Likely none
0
V
Moderate Very light
0
VI
Strong Light
0
VII
Very Strong Moderate
0
VIII
Severe Moderate to heavy
0
IX
Violent Heavy
0
X
Extreme Very heavy

Nearby towns and cities

Afghanistan , Tajikistan and Pakistan are all located within 300km distance of the epicenter of the earthquake. Futher away, this earthquake may also have been felt in Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan.

Located 69 kilometer (43 mi) south of the epicenter of this earthquake, Fayzabad (Badakhshan, Afghanistan) is the nearest significant population center. Fayzabad experienced an earthquake intensity (MMI Scale) of roughly IV. That level implies light shaking and likely no damage.

Multiple large cities are in proximity of today's earthquake. Kabul is located 256 km to the south-southwest (intensity unknown, possibly low). Rawalpindi is located 391 km to the south-east (intensity unknown, possibly low). Peshawar is located 290 km to the south-southeast (intensity unknown, possibly low).

A complete list of nearby places is included below. Estimated intensity data (MMI) sourced from a shake-map published by the US Geographic Survey is shown where available (cities without data probably experienced little impact).

Overview of nearby places

Distance Place Intensity (MMI)
69 km (43 mi)
N from epicenter
Fayzabad

Badakhshan, Afghanistan.
IV
Light
91 km (57 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Ishqoshim

Gorno-Badakhshan, Tajikistan.
IV
Light
99 km (62 mi)
NW from epicenter
Rustāq

Takhar, Afghanistan.
IV
Light
101 km (63 mi)
WNW from epicenter
Taloqan

Takhar, Afghanistan.
IV
Light
121 km (75 mi)
WNW from epicenter
Ārt Khwājah

Takhar, Afghanistan.
IV
Light
137 km (85 mi)
W from epicenter
Khanabad

Kunduz, Afghanistan.
IV
Light
137 km (85 mi)
NE from epicenter
Khorugh

Gorno-Badakhshan, Tajikistan.
IV
Light
142 km (88 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Nahrīn

Baghlan, Afghanistan.
IV
Light
149 km (93 mi)
NW from epicenter
Chubek

Khatlon, Tajikistan.
IV
Light
155 km (96 mi)
NW from epicenter
Farkhor

Khatlon, Tajikistan.
IV
Light
160 km (99 mi)
W from epicenter
Kunduz

Kunduz, Afghanistan.
IV
Light
166 km (103 mi)
SW from epicenter
Bāzārak

Panjshir, Afghanistan.
IV
Light
169 km (105 mi)
NNW from epicenter
Hulbuk

Khatlon, Tajikistan.
IV
Light
174 km (108 mi)
NNW from epicenter
Kŭlob

Khatlon, Tajikistan.
IV
Light
176 km (109 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Āsmār

Kunar, Afghanistan.
IV
Light
177 km (110 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Baghlān

Baghlan, Afghanistan.
IV
Light
182 km (113 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Pul-e Khumrī

Baghlan, Afghanistan.
IV
Light
183 km (114 mi)
WNW from epicenter
Qarāwul

Kunduz, Afghanistan.
IV
Light
183 km (114 mi)
SE from epicenter
Upper Dir

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
IV
Light
185 km (115 mi)
SE from epicenter
Thal

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
IV
Light
187 km (116 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Asadābād

Kunar, Afghanistan.
IV
Light
198 km (123 mi)
SW from epicenter
Jabal os Saraj

Parwan, Afghanistan.
IV
Light
207 km (129 mi)
S from epicenter
Mehtar Lām

Laghman, Afghanistan.
211 km (131 mi)
NNW from epicenter
Danghara

Khatlon, Tajikistan.
IV
Light
211 km (131 mi)
SW from epicenter
Charikar

Parwan, Afghanistan.
IV
Light
221 km (137 mi)
NW from epicenter
Bokhtar

Khatlon, Tajikistan.
IV
Light
231 km (144 mi)
S from epicenter
Jalālābād

Nangarhar, Afghanistan.
235 km (146 mi)
W from epicenter
Aībak

Samangan, Afghanistan.
242 km (150 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Bat Khela

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
247 km (153 mi)
SE from epicenter
Mingora

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
IV
Light
256 km (159 mi)
SSW from epicenter
Kabul

Kabul, Afghanistan.
261 km (162 mi)
SW from epicenter
Paghmān

Kabul, Afghanistan.
262 km (163 mi)
W from epicenter
Khulm

Balkh, Afghanistan.
268 km (167 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Shabqadar

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
269 km (167 mi)
NNW from epicenter
Vahdat

Republican Subordination, Tajikistan.
279 km (173 mi)
NW from epicenter
Dushanbe

Dushanbe, Tajikistan.
280 km (174 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Charsadda

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
287 km (178 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Mardan

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
290 km (180 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Peshawar

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
297 km (185 mi)
SE from epicenter
Battagram

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
305 km (190 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Nowshera Cantonment

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
309 km (192 mi)
WNW from epicenter
Tirmiz

Surxondaryo, Uzbekistan.
313 km (194 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Swabi

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
314 km (195 mi)
SW from epicenter
Bāmyān

Bamyan, Afghanistan.
315 km (196 mi)
W from epicenter
Mazār-e Sharīf

Balkh, Afghanistan.
317 km (197 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Tordher

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
320 km (199 mi)
SSW from epicenter
Baraki Barak

Logar, Afghanistan.
333 km (207 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Kohat

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
334 km (208 mi)
W from epicenter
Balkh

Balkh, Afghanistan.
347 km (216 mi)
SSW from epicenter
Gardez

Paktia, Afghanistan.
350 km (217 mi)
SE from epicenter
Muzaffarābād

Azad Kashmir, Pakistan.
351 km (218 mi)
SE from epicenter
Abbottabad

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
357 km (222 mi)
S from epicenter
Khōst

Khowst, Afghanistan.
379 km (235 mi)
SE from epicenter
Islamabad

Islamabad, Pakistan.
383 km (238 mi)
W from epicenter
Sang-e Chārak

Sar-e Pol, Afghanistan.
384 km (239 mi)
SSW from epicenter
Ghazni

Ghazni, Afghanistan.
384 km (239 mi)
NNW from epicenter
Razzakov

Batken, Kyrgyzstan.
391 km (243 mi)
SE from epicenter
Rawalpindi

Punjab, Pakistan.
Cities and Towns around the epicenter of this earthquake.

Earthquake Intensity Map

The intensity in shaking and damage by this earthquake is illustrated through the map below. The highest intensity measured for this earthquake is IV.

I Not felt
II Weak
III Weak
IV Light
V Moderate
VI Strong
VII Very Strong
VIII Severe
IX Violent
X Extreme
Earthquake Intensity Map based on Shakemap Data provided by USGS.

Shaking reported by 107 people in 6 countries

People that feel an earthquake may report their experience to the US Geographic Survey. Currently, 107 people have reported shaking in 36 places in 6 countries (Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, India, Kazakhstan, Pakistan).We keep updating this article as more ground reports become available. You may report that you felt this earthquake here.

Places with most reports:

  • Islamabad, Federal Capital Area, Pakistan: 25 people.
  • Rawalpindi, Punjab, Pakistan: 14 people.
  • Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan: 10 people.
  • Peshawar, North-West Frontier, Pakistan: 6 people.
  • Dushanbe, Dushanbe, Tajikistan: 6 people.
  • Kabul, Kabul, Afghanistan: 5 people.
  • Tashkent, Taschkent, Uzbekistan: 4 people.
  • Dera Ghazi Khan, Punjab, Pakistan: 3 people.
  • Gurgaon, Haryana, India: 2 people.
  • Wah, Punjab, Pakistan: 2 people.

4 Aftershocks detected

This main shock was followed by 4 smaller aftershocks. Just 14 hrs after this main shock, an earthquake measuring MAG-4.3 was detected 49 km (31 mi) east-northeast of this earthquake.

This main shock was prefaced by 2 smaller foreshocks. Roughly 2 hrs before this earthquake, a foreshock measuring MAG-4.1 was detected nearby this earthquake.

Overview of foreshocks and aftershocks

Classification Magnitude When Where
Foreshock M 4.0 2 days earlier
Jan 9, 2024 05:57AM (Kabul Time)
16 km (10 mi)
E from Main Shock.
Foreshock M 4.1 2 hrs earlier
Jan 11, 2024 11:56AM (Kabul Time)
25 km (15 mi)
ENE from Main Shock.
Main Shock
This Earthquake
M 6.4 Jan 11, 2024 01:50PM
(Kabul Time)
-
Aftershock M 4.0 12 hrs later
Jan 12, 2024 01:35AM (Kabul Time)
6 km (4 mi)
WNW from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 4.3 14 hrs later
Jan 12, 2024 03:51AM (Kabul Time)
49 km (31 mi)
ENE from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 4.2 19 hrs later
Jan 12, 2024 08:40AM (Kabul Time)
33 km (21 mi)
ENE from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 4.1 2 days later
Jan 13, 2024 08:25PM (Kabul Time)
64 km (39 mi)
ESE from Main Shock.
Detected MAG2.5+ earthquakes within within 100km (62 mi), that occurred in the three days before and after the main shock.

More earthquakes coming?

The risk of aftershocks decreases rapidly over time. Usually, aftershocks are at least one order of magnitude lower than a main shock.

The chance that a significant earthquake like this one is followed by an even larger earthquake is not so large. On average, scientists estimate a 94% chance that a major earthquake will not be followed by an even larger one. It is still adviced to be aware of this risk

Read: How to Stay Safe during an Earthquake (cdc.gov).

Earthquakes like this are common in the region

Earthquakes of this strength occur quite regularly in the region. This is the strongest earthquake to hit since March 21st, 2023, when a 6.5 magnitude earthquake hit 28 km (18 mi) further east. An even stronger magnitude 7.5 earthquake struck on October 26th, 2015.

In total, 5 earthquakes with a magnitude of 6.4 or higher have been registered within 300km (186 mi) of this epicenter in the past 10 years. This comes down to an average of once every 2 years.

Tsunami very unlikely

DISCLAIMER: We strongly suggest to closely monitor advice from local authorities with regards to tsunami risks. Our analysis is based on automatically collected data from external sources, and these might contain mistakes. In addition, earthquakes can cause landslides that may lead to a tsunami, or be a followed by another, potentially stonger, earthquake.

It is very unlikely that this eartquake will cause any tsunami's. The reported magnitude is lower than the MAG-6.5 strength required to cause any earthquakes. In addition, this earthquake was not very shallow and appears to have occurred under land. However always stay cautious and monitor advice from local authorities.

Tsunami Risk Factors

Factor Under Sea? MAG-6.5 or stronger? Shallow depth?
Explanation Almost all tsunami's are caused by earthquakes with their epicenter under sea or very near the sea. However stay cautious in coastal areas as earthquakes on land may cause landslides into sea, potentially still causing a local tsunami. Under MAG 6.5: Very unlikely to cause a tsunami.
MAG 6.5 to 7.5: Destructive tsunami's do occur, but are uncommon. Likely to observe small sea level changes.
MAG 7.6+: Earthquakes with these magnitudes might produce destructive tsunami's.
Most destructive tsunami's are caused by shallow earthquakes with a depth between 0 and 100km under the surface of the earth. Deeper tsunami's are unlikely to displace to ocean floor.
This Earthquake Not this earthquake.
This earthquake appears to have struck on land far from any coast.
Not this earthquake.
This earthquake had a magnitude of 6.4. Earthquakes of this strength are unlikely to trigger a tsunami.
Not this earthquake.
This earthquake occurred at a depth of 211 km (131 mi). Earthquakes this deep in the earth are unlikely to trigger a tsunami.

Sources

Last updated 03/03/24 04:58 (). This article is automatically generated based on available data. We keep checking multiple sources for additional information. This article gets updated as new details on this earthquake become available.

  1. US Geographic Society (USGS): Earthquake us6000m31m
  2. European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre (EMSC): Earthquake 20240111_0000093
  3. Geonames.org: World Cities Database
  4. Google Maps: Static API
  5. Earthquakelist.org: Historic Earthquakes Database

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