Written by on . Last updated March 3rd, 2024.

In the Philippine Sea 89 kilometer from Tandag, The Philippines, a significant MAG-5.3 earthquake occurred in the morning of Monday February 12th, 2024. Shaking may have been felt by a total of 5.5 million people.

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Earthquake Summary

This earthquake hit under water in the Philippine Sea, 58 kilometers (36 mi) off the coast of The Philippines, 89 kilometer north-east of Tandag in Caraga. The center of this earthquake had a quite shallow depth of 35 km. Shallow earthquakes usually have a larger impact than earthquakes deep in the earth.

Date and Time: Feb 12, 2024 10:03AM (Manila Time)
- Feb 12, 2024 02:03 Universal Time.
Location: 89 km NE of Tandag, Caraga, The Philippines.
Coordinates 9°43'13"N 126°41'20"E.
Map: Map of area around epicenter.
Map of area around epicenter. Click to open in Google Maps.
Magnitude: MAG 5.3
Detected by 17 stations. Maximum Error Range ±0.075 .
Depth: 35 km (22 mi)
A quite shallow depth.
Max. Intensity:
V
Moderate

On the Modified Mercalli Scale.
Tsunami Risk: Low tsunami risk
Earthquakes under MAG-6.5 do not usually cause tsunami's.
Always stay cautious - More info here.

Minimal impact predicted

Based on scientific estimates by the US Geographic Survey (USGS), the risk of high fatalities for this earthquake is classified at level GREEN (low). They expect an 65% likelyhood of between 0 and 1 fatalities, and a 96% chance that the number of fatalities falls no higher than 10.

The USGS classifies the economic impact of this earthquake at level GREEN (low). They expect an 65% likelyhood of between 0 and 1 million US Dollars in economic damage and impact, and a 96% chance that the economic impact of this earthquake falls no higher than 10 million USD.

Roughly 5.5 million people exposed to shaking

The USGS has published a report estimating the number of people exposed to this earthquake. Acoording to their analysis, roughly 5.5 million have been exposed to shaking at an MMI level of II or higher.

The highest earthquake impact level for this earthquake is IV, which corresponds with light shaking and likely no damage. Roughly 559,200 people are expected to be exposed to this level. The majority of people (roughly 4.9 million) live in an area exposed to level III, where weak shaking and probably no damage is expected. All exposure to shaking was within the borders of The Philippines .

People MMI Level Shaking Damage
0
I
Not noticable None
88,180
II
Very weak None
4,888,000
III
Weak Probably none
559,200
IV
Light Likely none
0
V
Moderate Very light
0
VI
Strong Light
0
VII
Very Strong Moderate
0
VIII
Severe Moderate to heavy
0
IX
Violent Heavy
0
X
Extreme Very heavy

Nearby towns and cities

This earthquake may have been felt in The Philippines . Located 89 kilometer (55 mi) north-east of the epicenter of this earthquake, Tandag (Caraga, The Philippines) is the nearest significant population center. Tandag experienced an earthquake intensity (MMI Scale) of roughly IV. That level implies light shaking and likely no damage.

Major cities near this earthquake: Butuan is located 152 km to the southwest and experienced an intensity of III (weak shaking, probably no damage). Cagayan de Oro is located 263 km to the west-southwest (intensity unknown, possibly low). Libertad is located 156 km to the southwest and experienced an intensity of III (weak shaking, probably no damage).

An overview of nearby towns and cities is available in the overview below. If places don't have intensity data available, it likely means the experienced impact in those places was fairly small.

Overview of nearby places

Distance Place Intensity (MMI)
89 km (55 mi)
SW from epicenter
Tandag

Caraga, The Philippines.
IV
Light
131 km (81 mi)
W from epicenter
Surigao

Caraga, The Philippines.
III
Weak
143 km (89 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Cabadbaran

Caraga, The Philippines.
III
Weak
147 km (91 mi)
SW from epicenter
Bayugan

Caraga, The Philippines.
III
Weak
150 km (93 mi)
SW from epicenter
Bah-Bah

Caraga, The Philippines.
III
Weak
152 km (94 mi)
SW from epicenter
Butuan

Caraga, The Philippines.
III
Weak
155 km (96 mi)
SSW from epicenter
San Francisco

Caraga, The Philippines.
III
Weak
156 km (97 mi)
SW from epicenter
Libertad

Caraga, The Philippines.
III
Weak
163 km (101 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Buenavista

Caraga, The Philippines.
III
Weak
172 km (107 mi)
SSW from epicenter
Bislig

Caraga, The Philippines.
III
Weak
172 km (107 mi)
SW from epicenter
Talacogon

Caraga, The Philippines.
III
Weak
189 km (117 mi)
SSW from epicenter
Bunawan

Caraga, The Philippines.
III
Weak
198 km (123 mi)
SSW from epicenter
Trento

Caraga, The Philippines.
III
Weak
199 km (124 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Mariano

Northern Mindanao, The Philippines.
III
Weak
200 km (124 mi)
SSW from epicenter
Veruela

Caraga, The Philippines.
III
Weak
207 km (129 mi)
WNW from epicenter
Maasin

Eastern Visayas, The Philippines.
216 km (134 mi)
WNW from epicenter
Abuyog

Eastern Visayas, The Philippines.
III
Weak
223 km (139 mi)
SSW from epicenter
Monkayo

Davao, The Philippines.
232 km (144 mi)
WNW from epicenter
Baybay

Eastern Visayas, The Philippines.
237 km (147 mi)
SSW from epicenter
Compostela

Davao, The Philippines.
239 km (149 mi)
NW from epicenter
Tanauan

Eastern Visayas, The Philippines.
III
Weak
243 km (151 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Jasaan

Northern Mindanao, The Philippines.
244 km (152 mi)
SW from epicenter
Malaybalay

Northern Mindanao, The Philippines.
III
Weak
245 km (152 mi)
NW from epicenter
Palo

Eastern Visayas, The Philippines.
III
Weak
248 km (154 mi)
SSW from epicenter
Nabunturan

Davao, The Philippines.
250 km (155 mi)
SW from epicenter
Manolo Fortich

Northern Mindanao, The Philippines.
250 km (155 mi)
NW from epicenter
Tacloban

Eastern Visayas, The Philippines.
III
Weak
250 km (155 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Tagoloan

Northern Mindanao, The Philippines.
251 km (156 mi)
NW from epicenter
Borongan

Eastern Visayas, The Philippines.
251 km (156 mi)
NW from epicenter
Panalanoy

Eastern Visayas, The Philippines.
III
Weak
251 km (156 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Bugo

Northern Mindanao, The Philippines.
254 km (158 mi)
W from epicenter
Jagna

Central Visayas, The Philippines.
256 km (159 mi)
SSW from epicenter
New Corella

Davao, The Philippines.
258 km (160 mi)
SSW from epicenter
San Mariano

Davao, The Philippines.
263 km (163 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Cagayan de Oro

Northern Mindanao, The Philippines.
267 km (166 mi)
SW from epicenter
NIA Valencia

Northern Mindanao, The Philippines.
269 km (167 mi)
WNW from epicenter
Ormoc

Eastern Visayas, The Philippines.
271 km (168 mi)
SSW from epicenter
Magugpo Poblacion

Davao, The Philippines.
276 km (171 mi)
SW from epicenter
Dologon

Northern Mindanao, The Philippines.
278 km (173 mi)
SSW from epicenter
Cabayangan

Davao, The Philippines.
279 km (173 mi)
S from epicenter
Manay

Davao, The Philippines.
281 km (175 mi)
NW from epicenter
Carigara

Eastern Visayas, The Philippines.
282 km (175 mi)
SW from epicenter
Quezon

Northern Mindanao, The Philippines.
286 km (178 mi)
SW from epicenter
Maramag

Northern Mindanao, The Philippines.
290 km (180 mi)
SSW from epicenter
Panabo

Davao, The Philippines.
291 km (181 mi)
W from epicenter
Loboc

Central Visayas, The Philippines.
293 km (182 mi)
SW from epicenter
Don Carlos

Northern Mindanao, The Philippines.
300 km (186 mi)
SW from epicenter
Iligan City

Soccsksargen, The Philippines.
Cities and Towns around the epicenter of this earthquake.

Earthquake Intensity Map

The graph below overlays a map of the region around the epicenter with earthquake intensity data provided by the US Geographic Survey. The highest intensity level detected for this earthquake is IV.

I Not felt
II Weak
III Weak
IV Light
V Moderate
VI Strong
VII Very Strong
VIII Severe
IX Violent
X Extreme
Earthquake Intensity Map based on Shakemap Data provided by USGS.

Shaking reported by 2 people

People that feel an earthquake may report their experience to the US Geographic Survey. Currently, 2 people have reported shaking in 2 places in Philippines.We keep updating this article as more ground reports become available. You may report that you felt this earthquake here.

Places with most reports:

  • Pilar, Caraga, Philippines: 1 person.
  • Manila, National Capital Region, Philippines: 1 person.

3 Aftershocks detected

After this earthquake struck, 3 smaller aftershocks occurred. At a distance of 79 km (49 mi) southwest of this earthquake, an aftershock struck 2 days later. It measured a magnitude of 4.8

In the days before this main shock, 5 smaller foreshocks were detected. Roughly 18 hrs before this earthquake, a foreshock measuring MAG-4.3 was detected nearby this earthquake.

Overview of foreshocks and aftershocks

Classification Magnitude When Where
Foreshock M 3.5 3 days earlier
Feb 9, 2024 04:24PM (Manila Time)
47 km (29 mi)
NW from Main Shock.
Foreshock M 3.2 3 days earlier
Feb 9, 2024 07:04PM (Manila Time)
44 km (28 mi)
NW from Main Shock.
Foreshock M 3.3 23 hrs earlier
Feb 11, 2024 11:31AM (Manila Time)
51 km (32 mi)
SSE from Main Shock.
Foreshock M 3.3 18 hrs earlier
Feb 11, 2024 04:00PM (Manila Time)
72 km (45 mi)
NW from Main Shock.
Foreshock M 4.3 18 hrs earlier
Feb 11, 2024 04:00PM (Manila Time)
77 km (48 mi)
WNW from Main Shock.
Main Shock
This Earthquake
M 5.3 Feb 12, 2024 10:03AM
(Manila Time)
-
Aftershock M 4.7 13 hrs later
Feb 12, 2024 11:31PM (Manila Time)
59 km (36 mi)
WNW from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 4.8 2 days later
Feb 14, 2024 01:43AM (Manila Time)
79 km (49 mi)
SW from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 4.6 3 days later
Feb 15, 2024 02:42AM (Manila Time)
94 km (59 mi)
SW from Main Shock.
Detected MAG2.5+ earthquakes within within 100km (62 mi), that occurred in the three days before and after the main shock.

More earthquakes coming?

The risk of aftershocks decreases rapidly over time. Usually, aftershocks are at least one order of magnitude lower than a main shock.

In only six percent of cases, significant earthquakes are followed by a larger main shock, making the current earthquake a foreshock. While the chance of this happening is not so large, it is adviced to maintain cautiousness in the hours and days following a major earthquake.

Read: How to Stay Safe during an Earthquake (cdc.gov).

Earthquakes like this happen often in the region

Earthquakes of this strength are very common in the region. This is the strongest earthquake to hit since February 10th, 2024, when a 5.4 magnitude earthquake hit 158 km (98 mi) further southwest. An even stronger magnitude 7.6 earthquake struck on December 2nd, 2023.

In total, 120 earthquakes with a magnitude of 5.3 or higher have been registered within 300km (186 mi) of this epicenter in the past 10 years. This comes down to an average of once every 30 days.

Low tsunami risk

DISCLAIMER: We strongly suggest to closely monitor advice from local authorities with regards to tsunami risks. Our analysis is based on automatically collected data from external sources, and these might contain mistakes. In addition, earthquakes can cause landslides that may lead to a tsunami, or be a followed by another, potentially stonger, earthquake.

Based on early data it appears this earthquake was not strong enough (lower than MAG-6.5) to be likely to cause destructive tsunami's. However this earthquake appeared to have hit at a shallow depth under sea, so stay cautious and monitor advice from local authorities.

Tsunami Risk Factors

Factor Under Sea? MAG-6.5 or stronger? Shallow depth?
Explanation Almost all tsunami's are caused by earthquakes with their epicenter under sea or very near the sea. However stay cautious in coastal areas as earthquakes on land may cause landslides into sea, potentially still causing a local tsunami. Under MAG 6.5: Very unlikely to cause a tsunami.
MAG 6.5 to 7.5: Destructive tsunami's do occur, but are uncommon. Likely to observe small sea level changes.
MAG 7.6+: Earthquakes with these magnitudes might produce destructive tsunami's.
Most destructive tsunami's are caused by shallow earthquakes with a depth between 0 and 100km under the surface of the earth. Deeper tsunami's are unlikely to displace to ocean floor.
This Earthquake This earthquake appears to have struck under the sea. Not this earthquake.
This earthquake had a magnitude of 5.3. Earthquakes of this strength are unlikely to trigger a tsunami.
This earthquake occurred at a depth of of 35 km (22 mi). Earthquakes this shallow could trigger a tsunami.

Sources

Last updated 03/03/24 03:48 (). This article is automatically generated based on available data. We keep checking multiple sources for additional information. This article gets updated as new details on this earthquake become available.

  1. US Geographic Society (USGS): Earthquake us7000lyiz
  2. European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre (EMSC): Earthquake 20240212_0000034
  3. Geonames.org: World Cities Database
  4. Google Maps: Static API
  5. Earthquakelist.org: Historic Earthquakes Database

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