Written by on . Last updated July 1st, 2024.

A shallow and significant M5.7 earthquake struck in the Philippine Sea 56 kilometer from Tacloban, The Philippines in the evening of Friday May 3rd, 2024. Shaking may have been felt by a total of 14 million people.

Felt the earthquake? Share this article: Share on Facebook Tweet Submit to Reddit Share on LinkedIn

Earthquake Summary

This earthquake hit under water in the Philippine Sea, 30 kilometers (18 mi) off the coast of The Philippines, 56 kilometer south-east of Tacloban in Eastern Visayas. The center of this earthquake had a very shallow depth of 10 km. Shallow earthquakes usually have a larger impact than earthquakes deep in the earth.

Date and Time: May 3, 2024 06:16PM (Manila Time)
- May 3, 2024 10:16 Universal Time.
Location: 56 km SE of Tacloban, Eastern Visayas, The Philippines.
Coordinates 10°51'1"N 125°19'10"E.
Map: Map of area around epicenter.
Map of area around epicenter. Click to open in Google Maps.
Magnitude: MAG 5.7
Detected by 68 stations. Maximum Error Range ±0.038 .
Depth: 10 km (6 mi)
A very shallow depth.
Max. Intensity:
VI
Strong

On the Modified Mercalli Scale.
Tsunami Risk: Low tsunami risk
Earthquakes under MAG-6.5 do not usually cause tsunami's.
Always stay cautious - More info here.

Minimal impact predicted

Based on scientific estimates by the US Geographic Survey (USGS), the risk of high fatalities for this earthquake is classified at level GREEN (low). They expect an 65% likelyhood of between 0 and 1 fatalities, and a 96% chance that the number of fatalities falls no higher than 10.

The USGS classifies the economic impact of this earthquake at level GREEN (low). They expect an 65% likelyhood of between 0 and 1 million US Dollars in economic damage and impact, and a 96% chance that the economic impact of this earthquake falls no higher than 10 million USD.

Roughly 14 million people exposed to shaking

This earthquake may have been felt by around 14 million people. That is the expected population size of the area exposed to a level of shaking of II or higher on the Modified Mercalli scale according to the USGS.

Moderate shaking and very light damage may have been experienced by an estimated 454,500 people. At V, it is the highest MMI level this earthquake has caused. The majority of people (roughly 9 million) live in an area exposed to level III, where weak shaking and probably no damage is expected. All exposure to shaking was within the borders of The Philippines .

People MMI Level Shaking Damage
0
I
Not noticable None
42,960
II
Very weak None
8,923,000
III
Weak Probably none
4,229,000
IV
Light Likely none
454,500
V
Moderate Very light
0
VI
Strong Light
0
VII
Very Strong Moderate
0
VIII
Severe Moderate to heavy
0
IX
Violent Heavy
0
X
Extreme Very heavy

Nearby towns and cities

This earthquake may have been felt in The Philippines . The closest significant population center near the earthquake is Abuyog in Eastern Visayas, The Philippines. Abuyog is located 36 kilometer (22 mi) east-northeast of the epicenter. The intensity of shaking and damage in Abuyog is estimated to be around level V on the Modified Mercalli Intensity scale (moderate shaking, very light damage).

Multiple large cities are in proximity of today's earthquake. Cebu City is located 167 km to the west-southwest and experienced an intensity of III (weak shaking, probably no damage). Tacloban is located 56 km to the northwest and experienced an intensity of IV (light shaking, likely no damage). Panalanoy is located 56 km to the northwest and experienced an intensity of IV (light shaking, likely no damage).

A complete list of nearby places is included below. Estimated intensity data (MMI) sourced from a shake-map published by the US Geographic Survey is shown where available (cities without data probably experienced little impact).

Overview of nearby places

Distance Place Intensity (MMI)
36 km (22 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Abuyog

Eastern Visayas, The Philippines.
V
Moderate
44 km (27 mi)
NW from epicenter
Tanauan

Eastern Visayas, The Philippines.
V
Moderate
50 km (31 mi)
NW from epicenter
Palo

Eastern Visayas, The Philippines.
V
Moderate
56 km (35 mi)
NW from epicenter
Tacloban

Eastern Visayas, The Philippines.
IV
Light
56 km (35 mi)
NW from epicenter
Panalanoy

Eastern Visayas, The Philippines.
IV
Light
60 km (37 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Baybay

Eastern Visayas, The Philippines.
IV
Light
80 km (50 mi)
WNW from epicenter
Ormoc

Eastern Visayas, The Philippines.
IV
Light
85 km (53 mi)
N from epicenter
Borongan

Eastern Visayas, The Philippines.
IV
Light
86 km (53 mi)
NW from epicenter
Carigara

Eastern Visayas, The Philippines.
IV
Light
95 km (59 mi)
SSW from epicenter
Maasin

Eastern Visayas, The Philippines.
IV
Light
113 km (70 mi)
NNW from epicenter
Catbalogan

Eastern Visayas, The Philippines.
IV
Light
120 km (75 mi)
S from epicenter
Surigao

Caraga, The Philippines.
IV
Light
145 km (90 mi)
W from epicenter
Bogo

Central Visayas, The Philippines.
III
Weak
145 km (90 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Cogan

Central Visayas, The Philippines.
III
Weak
146 km (91 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Danao

Central Visayas, The Philippines.
IV
Light
150 km (93 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Compostela

Central Visayas, The Philippines.
III
Weak
153 km (95 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Liloan

Central Visayas, The Philippines.
III
Weak
157 km (98 mi)
NNW from epicenter
Calbayog City

Eastern Visayas, The Philippines.
III
Weak
158 km (98 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Consolacion

Central Visayas, The Philippines.
III
Weak
161 km (100 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Lapu-Lapu City

Central Visayas, The Philippines.
IV
Light
164 km (102 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Mandaue City

Central Visayas, The Philippines.
III
Weak
165 km (103 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Apas

Central Visayas, The Philippines.
III
Weak
165 km (103 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Cordova

Central Visayas, The Philippines.
III
Weak
167 km (104 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Cebu City

Central Visayas, The Philippines.
III
Weak
169 km (105 mi)
SW from epicenter
Jagna

Central Visayas, The Philippines.
III
Weak
174 km (108 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Talisay

Central Visayas, The Philippines.
III
Weak
178 km (111 mi)
W from epicenter
Bantayan

Central Visayas, The Philippines.
III
Weak
179 km (111 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Balamban

Central Visayas, The Philippines.
III
Weak
180 km (112 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Minglanilla

Central Visayas, The Philippines.
III
Weak
185 km (115 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Naga

Central Visayas, The Philippines.
III
Weak
191 km (119 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Toledo

Central Visayas, The Philippines.
III
Weak
192 km (119 mi)
WSW from epicenter
San Fernando

Central Visayas, The Philippines.
III
Weak
194 km (121 mi)
S from epicenter
Cabadbaran

Caraga, The Philippines.
III
Weak
198 km (123 mi)
NNW from epicenter
Catarman

Eastern Visayas, The Philippines.
III
Weak
199 km (124 mi)
W from epicenter
Escalante

Western Visayas, The Philippines.
200 km (124 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Pinamungahan

Central Visayas, The Philippines.
III
Weak
207 km (129 mi)
W from epicenter
Sagay

Western Visayas, The Philippines.
208 km (129 mi)
SW from epicenter
Tagbilaran City

Central Visayas, The Philippines.
III
Weak
209 km (130 mi)
S from epicenter
Buenavista

Caraga, The Philippines.
213 km (132 mi)
W from epicenter
Ualog

Western Visayas, The Philippines.
213 km (132 mi)
S from epicenter
Butuan

Caraga, The Philippines.
213 km (132 mi)
S from epicenter
Libertad

Caraga, The Philippines.
222 km (138 mi)
W from epicenter
Cadiz

Western Visayas, The Philippines.
225 km (140 mi)
S from epicenter
Mariano

Northern Mindanao, The Philippines.
246 km (153 mi)
W from epicenter
Victorias

Western Visayas, The Philippines.
257 km (160 mi)
W from epicenter
Mansilingan

Western Visayas, The Philippines.
260 km (162 mi)
W from epicenter
Bacolod City

Western Visayas, The Philippines.
273 km (170 mi)
SSW from epicenter
Cagayan de Oro

Northern Mindanao, The Philippines.
274 km (170 mi)
W from epicenter
Bago City

Western Visayas, The Philippines.
277 km (172 mi)
NNW from epicenter
Sorsogon

Bicol, The Philippines.
280 km (174 mi)
SW from epicenter
Dumaguete

Central Visayas, The Philippines.
290 km (180 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Kabankalan

Western Visayas, The Philippines.
Cities and Towns around the epicenter of this earthquake.

Earthquake Intensity Map

The graph below overlays a map of the region around the epicenter with earthquake intensity data provided by the US Geographic Survey. The highest intensity level detected for this earthquake is V.

I Not felt
II Weak
III Weak
IV Light
V Moderate
VI Strong
VII Very Strong
VIII Severe
IX Violent
X Extreme
Earthquake Intensity Map based on Shakemap Data provided by USGS.

Shaking reported by 13 people

People that feel an earthquake may report their experience to the US Geographic Survey. Currently, 13 people have reported shaking in 11 places, all within Philippines.We keep updating this article as more ground reports become available. You may report that you felt this earthquake here.

Places with most reports:

  • Purok, Caraga, Philippines: 2 people.
  • Consolacion, Central Visayas, Philippines: 2 people.
  • Butuan, Caraga, Philippines: 1 person.
  • Mandawa, Central Visayas, Philippines: 1 person.
  • Minglanilla, Central Visayas, Philippines: 1 person.
  • Daram, Eastern Visayas, Philippines: 1 person.
  • Javier, Eastern Visayas, Philippines: 1 person.
  • La Paz, Eastern Visayas, Philippines: 1 person.
  • San Antonio (Basey, Samar), Eastern Visayas, Philippines: 1 person.
  • Santa Fe (Matalom, Leyte), Eastern Visayas, Philippines: 1 person.

14 Aftershocks detected

This main shock was followed by 14 smaller aftershocks. A 4.4 magnitude earthquake hit 4 hrs later 23 km (14 mi) west-southwest of this earthquake.

In the days before this main shock, 4 smaller foreshocks were detected. Nearby this earthquake a foreshock struck 1 day earlier. It measured a magnitude of 3.9

Overview of foreshocks and aftershocks

Classification Magnitude When Where
Foreshock M 3.2 2 days earlier
May 2, 2024 03:15AM (Manila Time)
87 km (54 mi)
SSE from Main Shock.
Foreshock M 3.9 1 day earlier
May 2, 2024 02:24PM (Manila Time)
94 km (59 mi)
ESE from Main Shock.
Foreshock M 3.1 20 hrs earlier
May 2, 2024 10:24PM (Manila Time)
93 km (58 mi)
S from Main Shock.
Foreshock M 3.4 8 hrs earlier
May 3, 2024 10:05AM (Manila Time)
1.6 km (1 mi)
SE from Main Shock.
Main Shock
This Earthquake
M 5.7 May 3, 2024 06:16PM
(Manila Time)
-
Aftershock M 3.2 1 hr later
May 3, 2024 07:16PM (Manila Time)
6 km (3 mi)
W from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 3.0 3 hrs later
May 3, 2024 09:20PM (Manila Time)
20 km (12 mi)
E from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 4.4 4 hrs later
May 3, 2024 10:01PM (Manila Time)
23 km (14 mi)
WSW from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 3.1 6 hrs later
May 4, 2024 12:01AM (Manila Time)
1 km (0.6 mi)
W from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 3.0 10 hrs later
May 4, 2024 03:50AM (Manila Time)
9 km (6 mi)
SE from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 3.1 1 day later
May 4, 2024 09:20PM (Manila Time)
6 km (4 mi)
SE from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 4.3 1 day later
May 5, 2024 06:09AM (Manila Time)
15 km (9 mi)
SSE from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 3.0 2 days later
May 5, 2024 05:43PM (Manila Time)
19 km (12 mi)
SSE from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 3.2 2 days later
May 5, 2024 05:52PM (Manila Time)
3 km (2.1 mi)
S from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 3.8 2 days later
May 5, 2024 06:05PM (Manila Time)
4 km (2.7 mi)
WSW from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 3.3 2 days later
May 5, 2024 11:20PM (Manila Time)
4 km (2.4 mi)
NNW from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 3.3 2 days later
May 6, 2024 12:34AM (Manila Time)
7 km (4 mi)
SE from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 3.0 2 days later
May 6, 2024 02:14AM (Manila Time)
10 km (6 mi)
SE from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 3.1 2 days later
May 6, 2024 04:36AM (Manila Time)
6 km (3 mi)
E from Main Shock.
Detected MAG2.5+ earthquakes within within 100km (62 mi), that occurred in the three days before and after the main shock.

More earthquakes coming?

Aftershocks are usually at least 1 order of magnitude less strong than main shocks. The more time passes, the smaller the chance and likely strength of any potential aftershocks.

The chance that a significant earthquake like this one is followed by an even larger earthquake is not so large. On average, scientists estimate a 94% chance that a major earthquake will not be followed by an even larger one. It is still adviced to be aware of this risk

Read: How to Stay Safe during an Earthquake (cdc.gov).

Earthquakes like this happen often in the region

Earthquakes of this strength are very common in the region. This is the strongest earthquake to hit since February 10th, 2024, when a 5.8 magnitude earthquake hit 243 km (151 mi) further south. An even stronger magnitude 7.6 earthquake struck on December 2nd, 2023.

In total, 21 earthquakes with a magnitude of 5.7 or higher have been registered within 300km (186 mi) of this epicenter in the past 10 years. This comes down to an average of once every 6 months.

Low tsunami risk

DISCLAIMER: We strongly suggest to closely monitor advice from local authorities with regards to tsunami risks. Our analysis is based on automatically collected data from external sources, and these might contain mistakes. In addition, earthquakes can cause landslides that may lead to a tsunami, or be a followed by another, potentially stonger, earthquake.

Based on early data it appears this earthquake was not strong enough (lower than MAG-6.5) to be likely to cause destructive tsunami's. However this earthquake appeared to have hit at a shallow depth under sea, so stay cautious and monitor advice from local authorities.

Tsunami Risk Factors

Factor Under Sea? MAG-6.5 or stronger? Shallow depth?
Explanation Almost all tsunami's are caused by earthquakes with their epicenter under sea or very near the sea. However stay cautious in coastal areas as earthquakes on land may cause landslides into sea, potentially still causing a local tsunami. Under MAG 6.5: Very unlikely to cause a tsunami.
MAG 6.5 to 7.5: Destructive tsunami's do occur, but are uncommon. Likely to observe small sea level changes.
MAG 7.6+: Earthquakes with these magnitudes might produce destructive tsunami's.
Most destructive tsunami's are caused by shallow earthquakes with a depth between 0 and 100km under the surface of the earth. Deeper tsunami's are unlikely to displace to ocean floor.
This Earthquake This earthquake appears to have struck under the sea. Not this earthquake.
This earthquake had a magnitude of 5.7. Earthquakes of this strength are unlikely to trigger a tsunami.
This earthquake occurred at a depth of of 10 km (6 mi). Earthquakes this shallow could trigger a tsunami.

Sources

Last updated 01/07/24 18:28 (). This article is automatically generated based on available data. We keep checking multiple sources for additional information. This article gets updated as new details on this earthquake become available.

  1. US Geographic Society (USGS): Earthquake us6000mvya
  2. European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre (EMSC): Earthquake 20240503_0000152
  3. Geonames.org: World Cities Database
  4. Google Maps: Static API
  5. Earthquakelist.org: Historic Earthquakes Database

Share this article: Share on Facebook Tweet Submit to Reddit Share on LinkedIn