Written by on . Last updated March 3rd, 2024.

A significant Magnitude 5.8 earthquake struck under land 30 kilometer from Butuan in The Philippines in the morning of Saturday February 10th, 2024. Roughly 22 million people may have felt this earthquake.

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Earthquake Summary

The earthquake struck on land in The Philippines, 30 kilometer (19 mi) south of Butuan in Caraga. The center of this earthquake had a quite shallow depth of 32 km. Shallow earthquakes usually have a larger impact than earthquakes deep in the earth.

Date and Time: Feb 10, 2024 11:22AM (Manila Time)
- Feb 10, 2024 03:22 Universal Time.
Location: 30 km south of Butuan, Caraga, The Philippines.
Coordinates 8°40'56"N 125°34'5"E.
Map: Map of area around epicenter.
Map of area around epicenter. Click to open in Google Maps.
Magnitude: MAG 5.8
Detected by 52 stations. Maximum Error Range ±0.043 .
Depth: 32 km (20 mi)
A quite shallow depth.
Max. Intensity:
VI
Strong

On the Modified Mercalli Scale.
Tsunami Risk: Tsunami very unlikely
While this was a shallow earthquake, it appears to have occurred under land with a magnitude not strong enough to cause tsunami's.
Always stay cautious - More info here.

Minimal impact predicted

Based on scientific estimates by the US Geographic Survey (USGS), the risk of high fatalities for this earthquake is classified at level GREEN (low). They expect an 65% likelyhood of between 0 and 1 fatalities, and a 96% chance that the number of fatalities falls no higher than 10.

The USGS classifies the economic impact of this earthquake at level GREEN (low). They expect an 65% likelyhood of between 0 and 1 million US Dollars in economic damage and impact, and a 96% chance that the economic impact of this earthquake falls no higher than 10 million USD.

Roughly 22 million people exposed to shaking

An estimated 22 million have been exposed to shaking (An MMI or Modified Mercalli Intensity level II or higher) as a result of this earthquake according scientific estimates published by the USGS.

Strong shaking and probably light damage may have been experienced by an estimated 50,860 people. At VI, it is the highest MMI level this earthquake has caused. Intensity level III was experienced by the majority of people (around 13 million). In their region, weak shaking and probably no damage can be expected. All exposure to shaking was within the borders of The Philippines .

People MMI Level Shaking Damage
0
I
Not noticable None
0
II
Very weak None
13,140,000
III
Weak Probably none
7,591,000
IV
Light Likely none
881,800
V
Moderate Very light
50,860
VI
Strong Light
0
VII
Very Strong Moderate
0
VIII
Severe Moderate to heavy
0
IX
Violent Heavy
0
X
Extreme Very heavy

Nearby towns and cities

This earthquake may have been felt in The Philippines . Bayugan in Caraga, The Philippines is the nearest significant place from the epicenter. The earthquake occurred 23 kilometer (14 mi) west-southwest of Bayugan. The intensity of shaking and damage in Bayugan is estimated to be around level V on the Modified Mercalli Intensity scale (moderate shaking, very light damage).

Major cities near this earthquake: Butuan is located 30 km to the north and experienced an intensity of V (moderate shaking, very light damage). Libertad is located 30 km to the north-northwest and experienced an intensity of V (moderate shaking, very light damage). Davao is located 179 km to the south and experienced an intensity of III (weak shaking, probably no damage).

The table below provides an overview of all places in proximity of today's earthquake. Where available, the estimated intensity on the Modified Mercalli Intensity Scale in each place is included. Places where this information is omitted likely experienced little impact.

Overview of nearby places

Distance Place Intensity (MMI)
23 km (14 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Bayugan

Caraga, The Philippines.
V
Moderate
30 km (19 mi)
N from epicenter
Butuan

Caraga, The Philippines.
V
Moderate
30 km (19 mi)
NNW from epicenter
Libertad

Caraga, The Philippines.
V
Moderate
35 km (22 mi)
SE from epicenter
Talacogon

Caraga, The Philippines.
V
Moderate
37 km (23 mi)
NNW from epicenter
Buenavista

Caraga, The Philippines.
V
Moderate
39 km (24 mi)
ESE from epicenter
Bah-Bah

Caraga, The Philippines.
V
Moderate
45 km (28 mi)
ESE from epicenter
San Francisco

Caraga, The Philippines.
V
Moderate
49 km (30 mi)
N from epicenter
Cabadbaran

Caraga, The Philippines.
IV
Light
52 km (32 mi)
WNW from epicenter
Mariano

Northern Mindanao, The Philippines.
IV
Light
74 km (46 mi)
SE from epicenter
Bunawan

Caraga, The Philippines.
IV
Light
76 km (47 mi)
SW from epicenter
Malaybalay

Northern Mindanao, The Philippines.
IV
Light
80 km (50 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Veruela

Caraga, The Philippines.
IV
Light
82 km (51 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Tandag

Caraga, The Philippines.
IV
Light
85 km (53 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Manolo Fortich

Northern Mindanao, The Philippines.
IV
Light
89 km (55 mi)
W from epicenter
Jasaan

Northern Mindanao, The Philippines.
IV
Light
89 km (55 mi)
SE from epicenter
Trento

Caraga, The Philippines.
IV
Light
91 km (57 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Bugo

Northern Mindanao, The Philippines.
IV
Light
91 km (57 mi)
W from epicenter
Tagoloan

Northern Mindanao, The Philippines.
IV
Light
97 km (60 mi)
ESE from epicenter
Bislig

Caraga, The Philippines.
IV
Light
101 km (63 mi)
SSW from epicenter
NIA Valencia

Northern Mindanao, The Philippines.
IV
Light
104 km (65 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Cagayan de Oro

Northern Mindanao, The Philippines.
IV
Light
110 km (68 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Monkayo

Davao, The Philippines.
IV
Light
110 km (68 mi)
SSW from epicenter
Dologon

Northern Mindanao, The Philippines.
IV
Light
118 km (73 mi)
SSW from epicenter
Quezon

Northern Mindanao, The Philippines.
IV
Light
119 km (74 mi)
SSW from epicenter
Maramag

Northern Mindanao, The Philippines.
IV
Light
123 km (76 mi)
N from epicenter
Surigao

Caraga, The Philippines.
IV
Light
125 km (78 mi)
SSE from epicenter
New Corella

Davao, The Philippines.
IV
Light
126 km (78 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Compostela

Davao, The Philippines.
IV
Light
128 km (80 mi)
SSW from epicenter
Don Carlos

Northern Mindanao, The Philippines.
IV
Light
137 km (85 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Iligan City

Soccsksargen, The Philippines.
IV
Light
140 km (87 mi)
S from epicenter
Magugpo Poblacion

Davao, The Philippines.
IV
Light
153 km (95 mi)
S from epicenter
Panabo

Davao, The Philippines.
IV
Light
154 km (96 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Iligan

Northern Mindanao, The Philippines.
IV
Light
159 km (99 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Mantampay

Northern Mindanao, The Philippines.
III
Weak
160 km (99 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Marawi City

Rehiyong Autonomo sa Muslim na Mindanao, The Philippines.
III
Weak
170 km (106 mi)
NW from epicenter
Jagna

Central Visayas, The Philippines.
III
Weak
179 km (111 mi)
S from epicenter
Davao

Davao, The Philippines.
III
Weak
179 km (111 mi)
S from epicenter
Samal

Davao, The Philippines.
III
Weak
193 km (120 mi)
SSW from epicenter
Kidapawan

Soccsksargen, The Philippines.
III
Weak
199 km (124 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Ozamiz City

Northern Mindanao, The Philippines.
III
Weak
205 km (127 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Mati

Davao, The Philippines.
III
Weak
206 km (128 mi)
SW from epicenter
Budta

Rehiyong Autonomo sa Muslim na Mindanao, The Philippines.
III
Weak
208 km (129 mi)
SW from epicenter
Malingao

Soccsksargen, The Philippines.
III
Weak
218 km (135 mi)
SW from epicenter
Cotabato

Rehiyong Autonomo sa Muslim na Mindanao, The Philippines.
III
Weak
253 km (157 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Pagadian

Zamboanga Peninsula, The Philippines.
254 km (158 mi)
NW from epicenter
Lapu-Lapu City

Central Visayas, The Philippines.
III
Weak
257 km (160 mi)
NW from epicenter
Mandaue City

Central Visayas, The Philippines.
III
Weak
259 km (161 mi)
NW from epicenter
Cebu City

Central Visayas, The Philippines.
III
Weak
283 km (176 mi)
NW from epicenter
Toledo

Central Visayas, The Philippines.
289 km (180 mi)
S from epicenter
General Santos

Soccsksargen, The Philippines.
291 km (181 mi)
NNW from epicenter
Tacloban

Eastern Visayas, The Philippines.
357 km (222 mi)
NW from epicenter
Mansilingan

Western Visayas, The Philippines.
Cities and Towns around the epicenter of this earthquake.

Earthquake Intensity Map

The intensity in shaking and damage by this earthquake is illustrated through the map below. The highest intensity measured for this earthquake is VI.

I Not felt
II Weak
III Weak
IV Light
V Moderate
VI Strong
VII Very Strong
VIII Severe
IX Violent
X Extreme
Earthquake Intensity Map based on Shakemap Data provided by USGS.

Shaking reported by 43 people

People that feel an earthquake may report their experience to the US Geographic Survey. Currently, 43 people have reported shaking in 20 places, all within Philippines.We keep updating this article as more ground reports become available. You may report that you felt this earthquake here.

Places with most reports:

  • Butuan, Caraga, Philippines: 17 people.
  • Barra, Northern Mindanao, Philippines: 4 people.
  • Cagayan, Northern Mindanao, Philippines: 3 people.
  • Mandaue, Central Visayas, Philippines: 2 people.
  • Gingoog, Northern Mindanao, Philippines: 2 people.
  • Bislig, Caraga, Philippines: 1 person.
  • San Jose (General Santos City, South Cotabato), Southern Mindanao, Philippines: 1 person.
  • Mawab, Southern Mindanao, Philippines: 1 person.
  • Davao, Southern Mindanao, Philippines: 1 person.
  • Canocotan, Southern Mindanao, Philippines: 1 person.

4 Aftershocks detected

This main shock was followed by 4 smaller aftershocks. A 5.4 magnitude earthquake hit 2 hrs later 14 km (8 mi) east of this earthquake.

This main shock was prefaced by 3 smaller foreshocks. Roughly 3 days before this earthquake, a foreshock measuring MAG-3.7 was detected nearby this earthquake.

Overview of foreshocks and aftershocks

Classification Magnitude When Where
Foreshock M 3.7 3 days earlier
Feb 7, 2024 11:31AM (Manila Time)
71 km (44 mi)
SE from Main Shock.
Foreshock M 3.0 3 days earlier
Feb 7, 2024 04:01PM (Manila Time)
77 km (48 mi)
ESE from Main Shock.
Foreshock M 3.1 1 day earlier
Feb 9, 2024 09:27AM (Manila Time)
69 km (43 mi)
SSW from Main Shock.
Main Shock
This Earthquake
M 5.8 Feb 10, 2024 11:22AM
(Manila Time)
-
Aftershock M 3.3 6 mins later
Feb 10, 2024 11:28AM (Manila Time)
97 km (60 mi)
E from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 5.4 2 hrs later
Feb 10, 2024 01:21PM (Manila Time)
14 km (8 mi)
E from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 4.3 3 hrs later
Feb 10, 2024 02:20PM (Manila Time)
94 km (58 mi)
ESE from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 3.1 2 days later
Feb 12, 2024 09:28PM (Manila Time)
14 km (9 mi)
SE from Main Shock.
Detected MAG2.5+ earthquakes within within 100km (62 mi), that occurred in the three days before and after the main shock.

More earthquakes coming?

The risk of aftershocks decreases rapidly over time. Usually, aftershocks are at least one order of magnitude lower than a main shock.

The chance that a significant earthquake like this one is followed by an even larger earthquake is not so large. On average, scientists estimate a 94% chance that a major earthquake will not be followed by an even larger one. It is still adviced to be aware of this risk

Read: How to Stay Safe during an Earthquake (cdc.gov).

Earthquakes like this happen often in the region

Earthquakes of this strength are very common in the region. This is the strongest earthquake to hit since December 5th, 2023, when a 5.8 magnitude earthquake hit 143 km (89 mi) further east-northeast. An even stronger magnitude 7.6 earthquake struck on December 2nd, 2023.

In total, 48 earthquakes with a magnitude of 5.8 or higher have been registered within 300km (186 mi) of this epicenter in the past 10 years. This comes down to an average of once every 3 months.

Tsunami very unlikely

DISCLAIMER: We strongly suggest to closely monitor advice from local authorities with regards to tsunami risks. Our analysis is based on automatically collected data from external sources, and these might contain mistakes. In addition, earthquakes can cause landslides that may lead to a tsunami, or be a followed by another, potentially stonger, earthquake.

While MAG-6.5+ earthquakes may cause tsunami's, it appears that the epicenter of this earthquake hit under land. In addition, the reported depth is deeper than 100km, making the risk of a tsunami even less likely. However always stay cautious and monitor advice from local authorities.

Tsunami Risk Factors

Factor Under Sea? MAG-6.5 or stronger? Shallow depth?
Explanation Almost all tsunami's are caused by earthquakes with their epicenter under sea or very near the sea. However stay cautious in coastal areas as earthquakes on land may cause landslides into sea, potentially still causing a local tsunami. Under MAG 6.5: Very unlikely to cause a tsunami.
MAG 6.5 to 7.5: Destructive tsunami's do occur, but are uncommon. Likely to observe small sea level changes.
MAG 7.6+: Earthquakes with these magnitudes might produce destructive tsunami's.
Most destructive tsunami's are caused by shallow earthquakes with a depth between 0 and 100km under the surface of the earth. Deeper tsunami's are unlikely to displace to ocean floor.
This Earthquake Not this earthquake.
This earthquake appears to have struck on land far from any coast.
Not this earthquake.
This earthquake had a magnitude of 5.8. Earthquakes of this strength are unlikely to trigger a tsunami.
This earthquake occurred at a depth of of 32 km (20 mi). Earthquakes this shallow could trigger a tsunami.

Sources

Last updated 03/03/24 02:38 (). As more information on this earthquake becomes available this article will be updated. This article is automatically composed based on data originating from multiple sources.

  1. US Geographic Society (USGS): Earthquake us7000ly6w
  2. European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre (EMSC): Earthquake 20240210_0000034
  3. Geonames.org: World Cities Database
  4. Google Maps: Static API
  5. Earthquakelist.org: Historic Earthquakes Database

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