Written by on . Last updated March 3rd, 2024.

In the early afternoon of Saturday February 10th, 2024, a significant MAG-5.4 aftershock hit under land 11 kilometer from Bayugan in The Philippines. Around 20 million people have been exposed to shaking.

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Earthquake Summary

The earthquake struck on land in The Philippines, 11 kilometer (7 mi) southwest of Bayugan in Caraga. The center of this earthquake had a quite shallow depth of 50 km. Shallow earthquakes usually have a larger impact than earthquakes deep in the earth.

Date and Time: Feb 10, 2024 01:21PM (Manila Time)
- Feb 10, 2024 05:21 Universal Time.
Location: 11 km SW of Bayugan, Caraga, The Philippines.
Coordinates 8°41'35"N 125°41'25"E.
Map: Map of area around epicenter.
Map of area around epicenter. Click to open in Google Maps.
Magnitude: MAG 5.4
Detected by 177 stations. Maximum Error Range ±0.044 .
Depth: 50 km (31 mi)
A quite shallow depth.
Max. Intensity:
VI
Strong

On the Modified Mercalli Scale.
Tsunami Risk: Tsunami very unlikely
While this was a shallow earthquake, it appears to have occurred under land with a magnitude not strong enough to cause tsunami's.
Always stay cautious - More info here.

Minimal impact predicted

Based on scientific estimates by the US Geographic Survey (USGS), the risk of high fatalities for this earthquake is classified at level GREEN (low). They expect an 65% likelyhood of between 0 and 1 fatalities, and a 96% chance that the number of fatalities falls no higher than 10.

The USGS classifies the economic impact of this earthquake at level GREEN (low). They expect an 65% likelyhood of between 0 and 1 million US Dollars in economic damage and impact, and a 96% chance that the economic impact of this earthquake falls no higher than 10 million USD.

Roughly 20 million people exposed to shaking

The USGS has published a report estimating the number of people exposed to this earthquake. Acoording to their analysis, roughly 20 million have been exposed to shaking at an MMI level of II or higher.

The highest earthquake impact level for this earthquake is V, which corresponds with moderate shaking and very light damage. Roughly 674,900 people are expected to be exposed to this level. Intensity level III was experienced by the majority of people (around 13 million). In their region, weak shaking and probably no damage can be expected. All exposure to shaking was within the borders of The Philippines .

People MMI Level Shaking Damage
0
I
Not noticable None
840
II
Very weak None
12,660,000
III
Weak Probably none
6,387,000
IV
Light Likely none
674,900
V
Moderate Very light
0
VI
Strong Light
0
VII
Very Strong Moderate
0
VIII
Severe Moderate to heavy
0
IX
Violent Heavy
0
X
Extreme Very heavy

Nearby towns and cities

This earthquake may have been felt in The Philippines . Located 11 kilometer (7 mi) southwest of the epicenter of this earthquake, Bayugan (Caraga, The Philippines) is the nearest significant population center. Bayugan experienced an earthquake intensity (MMI Scale) of roughly V. That level implies moderate shaking and very light damage.

Multiple large cities are in proximity of today's earthquake. Butuan is located 33 km to the north-northwest and experienced an intensity of V (moderate shaking, very light damage). Libertad is located 35 km to the northwest and experienced an intensity of V (moderate shaking, very light damage). Davao is located 180 km to the south and experienced an intensity of III (weak shaking, probably no damage).

A complete list of nearby places is included below. Estimated intensity data (MMI) sourced from a shake-map published by the US Geographic Survey is shown where available (cities without data probably experienced little impact).

Overview of nearby places

Distance Place Intensity (MMI)
11 km (7 mi)
NE from epicenter
Bayugan

Caraga, The Philippines.
V
Moderate
26 km (16 mi)
ESE from epicenter
Bah-Bah

Caraga, The Philippines.
IV
Light
28 km (17 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Talacogon

Caraga, The Philippines.
V
Moderate
33 km (21 mi)
ESE from epicenter
San Francisco

Caraga, The Philippines.
V
Moderate
33 km (21 mi)
NNW from epicenter
Butuan

Caraga, The Philippines.
V
Moderate
35 km (22 mi)
NW from epicenter
Libertad

Caraga, The Philippines.
V
Moderate
44 km (27 mi)
NW from epicenter
Buenavista

Caraga, The Philippines.
IV
Light
51 km (32 mi)
NNW from epicenter
Cabadbaran

Caraga, The Philippines.
IV
Light
65 km (40 mi)
WNW from epicenter
Mariano

Northern Mindanao, The Philippines.
IV
Light
67 km (42 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Bunawan

Caraga, The Philippines.
IV
Light
70 km (43 mi)
NE from epicenter
Tandag

Caraga, The Philippines.
IV
Light
75 km (47 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Veruela

Caraga, The Philippines.
IV
Light
83 km (52 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Trento

Caraga, The Philippines.
IV
Light
86 km (53 mi)
SW from epicenter
Malaybalay

Northern Mindanao, The Philippines.
IV
Light
87 km (54 mi)
SE from epicenter
Bislig

Caraga, The Philippines.
IV
Light
98 km (61 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Manolo Fortich

Northern Mindanao, The Philippines.
IV
Light
103 km (64 mi)
W from epicenter
Jasaan

Northern Mindanao, The Philippines.
IV
Light
104 km (65 mi)
W from epicenter
Tagoloan

Northern Mindanao, The Philippines.
IV
Light
104 km (65 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Bugo

Northern Mindanao, The Philippines.
IV
Light
106 km (66 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Monkayo

Davao, The Philippines.
IV
Light
109 km (68 mi)
SW from epicenter
NIA Valencia

Northern Mindanao, The Philippines.
IV
Light
117 km (73 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Cagayan de Oro

Northern Mindanao, The Philippines.
IV
Light
118 km (73 mi)
SW from epicenter
Dologon

Northern Mindanao, The Philippines.
IV
Light
122 km (76 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Compostela

Davao, The Philippines.
IV
Light
124 km (77 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Nabunturan

Davao, The Philippines.
IV
Light
124 km (77 mi)
S from epicenter
New Corella

Davao, The Philippines.
IV
Light
124 km (77 mi)
N from epicenter
Surigao

Caraga, The Philippines.
IV
Light
125 km (78 mi)
SSW from epicenter
Quezon

Northern Mindanao, The Philippines.
IV
Light
128 km (80 mi)
SW from epicenter
Maramag

Northern Mindanao, The Philippines.
IV
Light
136 km (85 mi)
SSW from epicenter
Don Carlos

Northern Mindanao, The Philippines.
IV
Light
139 km (86 mi)
S from epicenter
Magugpo Poblacion

Davao, The Philippines.
IV
Light
150 km (93 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Iligan City

Soccsksargen, The Philippines.
III
Weak
154 km (96 mi)
S from epicenter
Panabo

Davao, The Philippines.
III
Weak
167 km (104 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Iligan

Northern Mindanao, The Philippines.
III
Weak
172 km (107 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Mantampay

Northern Mindanao, The Philippines.
III
Weak
173 km (107 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Marawi City

Rehiyong Autonomo sa Muslim na Mindanao, The Philippines.
III
Weak
180 km (112 mi)
S from epicenter
Davao

Davao, The Philippines.
III
Weak
180 km (112 mi)
S from epicenter
Samal

Davao, The Philippines.
III
Weak
199 km (124 mi)
SSW from epicenter
Kidapawan

Soccsksargen, The Philippines.
III
Weak
202 km (126 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Mati

Davao, The Philippines.
III
Weak
215 km (134 mi)
SW from epicenter
Budta

Rehiyong Autonomo sa Muslim na Mindanao, The Philippines.
III
Weak
217 km (135 mi)
SW from epicenter
Malingao

Soccsksargen, The Philippines.
III
Weak
219 km (136 mi)
S from epicenter
Digos

Davao, The Philippines.
228 km (142 mi)
SW from epicenter
Cotabato

Rehiyong Autonomo sa Muslim na Mindanao, The Philippines.
III
Weak
262 km (163 mi)
NW from epicenter
Lapu-Lapu City

Central Visayas, The Philippines.
III
Weak
265 km (165 mi)
NW from epicenter
Mandaue City

Central Visayas, The Philippines.
III
Weak
266 km (165 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Pagadian

Zamboanga Peninsula, The Philippines.
267 km (166 mi)
NW from epicenter
Cebu City

Central Visayas, The Philippines.
III
Weak
293 km (182 mi)
NNW from epicenter
Tacloban

Eastern Visayas, The Philippines.
293 km (182 mi)
S from epicenter
General Santos

Soccsksargen, The Philippines.
293 km (182 mi)
NW from epicenter
Toledo

Central Visayas, The Philippines.
Cities and Towns around the epicenter of this earthquake.

Earthquake Intensity Map

The graph below overlays a map of the region around the epicenter with earthquake intensity data provided by the US Geographic Survey. The highest intensity level detected for this earthquake is V.

I Not felt
II Weak
III Weak
IV Light
V Moderate
VI Strong
VII Very Strong
VIII Severe
IX Violent
X Extreme
Earthquake Intensity Map based on Shakemap Data provided by USGS.

Shaking reported by 6 people

People that feel an earthquake may report their experience to the US Geographic Survey. Currently, 6 people have reported shaking in 6 places, all within Philippines.We keep updating this article as more ground reports become available. You may report that you felt this earthquake here.

Places with most reports:

  • Bunawan, Caraga, Philippines: 1 person.
  • Butuan, Caraga, Philippines: 1 person.
  • Cebu, Central Visayas, Philippines: 1 person.
  • Lapu-Lapu, Central Visayas, Philippines: 1 person.
  • Cagayan, Northern Mindanao, Philippines: 1 person.
  • Hinaplanan, Northern Mindanao, Philippines: 1 person.

This is likely an aftershock

This earthquake is likely an aftershock of the MAG-5.8 earthquake that struck 2 hrs earlier. That main earthquake hit 13 km (8 mi) west of the epicenter of this MAG-5.4 aftershock.

Overview of foreshocks and aftershocks

Classification Magnitude When Where
Foreshock M 3.7 3 days earlier
Feb 7, 2024 11:31AM (Manila Time)
71 km (44 mi)
SE from Main Shock.
Foreshock M 3.0 3 days earlier
Feb 7, 2024 04:01PM (Manila Time)
77 km (48 mi)
ESE from Main Shock.
Foreshock M 3.1 1 day earlier
Feb 9, 2024 09:27AM (Manila Time)
69 km (43 mi)
SSW from Main Shock.
Main Shock M 5.8 Feb 10, 2024 11:22AM
(Manila Time)
-
Aftershock M 3.3 6 mins later
Feb 10, 2024 11:28AM (Manila Time)
97 km (60 mi)
E from Main Shock.
Aftershock
This Earthquake
M 5.4 2 hrs later
Feb 10, 2024 01:21PM (Manila Time)
14 km (8 mi)
E from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 4.3 3 hrs later
Feb 10, 2024 02:20PM (Manila Time)
94 km (58 mi)
ESE from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 3.1 2 days later
Feb 12, 2024 09:28PM (Manila Time)
14 km (9 mi)
SE from Main Shock.
Detected MAG2.5+ earthquakes within within 100km (62 mi), that occurred in the three days before and after the main shock.

More earthquakes coming?

Earthquakes can create aftershocks. These are generally at least 1 magnitude lower than any main shock, and as time passes the chance and strength of aftershocks decreases.

It's always adviced to be cautious of the risk of a larger shock following any significant earthquake, however this risk is fairly small. There is a roughly 94 percent change that no larger main shock will follow in the days following this earthquake.

Read: How to Stay Safe during an Earthquake (cdc.gov).

Earthquakes like this happen often in the region

Earthquakes of this strength are very common in the region. In total, 121 earthquakes with a magnitude of 5.4 or higher have been registered within 300km (186 mi) of this epicenter in the past 10 years. This comes down to an average of once every 30 days.

Tsunami very unlikely

DISCLAIMER: We strongly suggest to closely monitor advice from local authorities with regards to tsunami risks. Our analysis is based on automatically collected data from external sources, and these might contain mistakes. In addition, earthquakes can cause landslides that may lead to a tsunami, or be a followed by another, potentially stonger, earthquake.

While MAG-6.5+ earthquakes may cause tsunami's, it appears that the epicenter of this earthquake hit under land. In addition, the reported depth is deeper than 100km, making the risk of a tsunami even less likely. However always stay cautious and monitor advice from local authorities.

Tsunami Risk Factors

Factor Under Sea? MAG-6.5 or stronger? Shallow depth?
Explanation Almost all tsunami's are caused by earthquakes with their epicenter under sea or very near the sea. However stay cautious in coastal areas as earthquakes on land may cause landslides into sea, potentially still causing a local tsunami. Under MAG 6.5: Very unlikely to cause a tsunami.
MAG 6.5 to 7.5: Destructive tsunami's do occur, but are uncommon. Likely to observe small sea level changes.
MAG 7.6+: Earthquakes with these magnitudes might produce destructive tsunami's.
Most destructive tsunami's are caused by shallow earthquakes with a depth between 0 and 100km under the surface of the earth. Deeper tsunami's are unlikely to displace to ocean floor.
This Earthquake Not this earthquake.
This earthquake appears to have struck on land far from any coast.
Not this earthquake.
This earthquake had a magnitude of 5.4. Earthquakes of this strength are unlikely to trigger a tsunami.
This earthquake occurred at a depth of of 50 km (31 mi). Earthquakes this shallow could trigger a tsunami.

Sources

Last updated 03/03/24 01:28 (). This article is automatically generated based on available data. We keep checking multiple sources for additional information. This article gets updated as new details on this earthquake become available.

  1. US Geographic Society (USGS): Earthquake us7000ly7s
  2. European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre (EMSC): Earthquake 20240210_0000066
  3. Geonames.org: World Cities Database
  4. Google Maps: Static API
  5. Earthquakelist.org: Historic Earthquakes Database

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