Written by on . Last updated June 12th, 2024.

Under land 20 miles from Mawlaik in Myanmar, a significant Magnitude 5.4 earthquake occurred in the evening of Wednesday May 29th, 2024. Around 16 million people have been exposed to shaking. Other nearby countries are India and Bangladesh.

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Earthquake Summary

The earthquake struck on land in Myanmar, 20 miles (32 km) east-southeast of Mawlaik in Sagain. The center of this earthquake had an intermediate depth of 59 km.

Date and Time: May 29, 2024 07:43PM (Yangon Time)
- May 29, 2024 13:13 Universal Time.
Location: 20 mi ESE of Mawlaik, Sagain, Myanmar.
Coordinates 23°32'20"N 94°41'41"E.
Map: Map of area around epicenter.
Map of area around epicenter. Click to open in Google Maps.
Magnitude: MAG 5.4
Detected by 23 stations. Maximum Error Range ±0.065 .
Depth: 59 mi (95 km)
An intermediate depth.
Max. Intensity:
V
Moderate

On the Modified Mercalli Scale.
Tsunami Risk: Tsunami very unlikely
While this was a shallow earthquake, it appears to have occurred under land with a magnitude not strong enough to cause tsunami's.
Always stay cautious - More info here.

Minimal impact predicted

Based on scientific estimates by the US Geographic Survey (USGS), the risk of high fatalities for this earthquake is classified at level GREEN (low). They expect an 65% likelyhood of between 0 and 1 fatalities, and a 96% chance that the number of fatalities falls no higher than 10.

The USGS classifies the economic impact of this earthquake at level GREEN (low). They expect an 65% likelyhood of between 0 and 1 million US Dollars in economic damage and impact, and a 96% chance that the economic impact of this earthquake falls no higher than 10 million USD.

Roughly 16 million people exposed to shaking

The USGS has published a report estimating the number of people exposed to this earthquake. Acoording to their analysis, roughly 16 million have been exposed to shaking at an MMI level of II or higher.

An estimated 13,330,000 people were exposed to level IV. At this level, light shaking and likely no damage can be expected.

People in 2 countries have been exposed to shaking. In Myanmar , around 11 million people, with impact levels up to IV (light shaking, likely no damage). In India , around 5 million people.

People MMI Level Shaking Damage
0
I
Not noticable None
0
II
Very weak None
2,217,000
III
Weak Probably none
13,330,000
IV
Light Likely none
0
V
Moderate Very light
0
VI
Strong Light
0
VII
Very Strong Moderate
0
VIII
Severe Moderate to heavy
0
IX
Violent Heavy
0
X
Extreme Very heavy

Nearby towns and cities

Myanmar , India and Bangladesh are all located within 300km distance of the epicenter of the earthquake.

Located 20 miles (32 km) east-southeast of the epicenter of this earthquake, Mawlaik (Sagain, Myanmar) is the nearest significant population center. Mawlaik experienced an earthquake intensity (MMI Scale) of roughly IV. That level implies light shaking and likely no damage.

Multiple large cities are in proximity of today's earthquake. Mandalay is located 140 mi to the south-east and experienced an intensity of IV (light shaking, likely no damage). Imphāl is located 160 km to the north-northwest and experienced an intensity of IV (light shaking, likely no damage). Aizawl is located 202 km to the west (intensity unknown, possibly low).

An overview of nearby towns and cities is available in the overview below. If places don't have intensity data available, it likely means the experienced impact in those places was fairly small.

Overview of nearby places

Distance Place Intensity (MMI)
20 mi (32 km)
WNW from epicenter
Mawlaik

Sagain, Myanmar.
IV
Light
129 km (80 mi)
NW from epicenter
Kakching

Manipur, India.
IV
Light
137 km (85 mi)
NW from epicenter
Churāchāndpur

Manipur, India.
IV
Light
141 km (88 mi)
NNW from epicenter
Thoubāl

Manipur, India.
IV
Light
142 km (88 mi)
NW from epicenter
Moirāng

Manipur, India.
IV
Light
144 km (89 mi)
NW from epicenter
Mayāng Imphāl

Manipur, India.
IV
Light
93 mi (149 km)
SE from epicenter
Shwebo

Sagain, Myanmar.
IV
Light
93 mi (149 km)
SW from epicenter
Hakha

Chin, Myanmar.
III
Weak
160 km (99 mi)
NNW from epicenter
Imphāl

Manipur, India.
IV
Light
103 mi (165 km)
SSE from epicenter
Monywa

Sagain, Myanmar.
IV
Light
191 km (119 mi)
W from epicenter
Serchhīp

Mizoram, India.
III
Weak
123 mi (198 km)
ESE from epicenter
Mogok

Mandalay, Myanmar.
III
Weak
202 km (126 mi)
W from epicenter
Aizawl

Mizoram, India.
210 km (130 mi)
SW from epicenter
Saiha

Mizoram, India.
III
Weak
212 km (132 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Lunglei

Mizoram, India.
219 km (136 mi)
WNW from epicenter
Kolasib

Mizoram, India.
140 mi (225 km)
SE from epicenter
Mandalay

Mandalay, Myanmar.
IV
Light
141 mi (227 km)
SE from epicenter
Sagaing

Sagain, Myanmar.
IV
Light
237 km (147 mi)
N from epicenter
Phek

Manipur, India.
240 km (149 mi)
NW from epicenter
Silchar

Assam, India.
IV
Light
150 mi (242 km)
SSE from epicenter
Myingyan

Mandalay, Myanmar.
245 km (152 mi)
NNW from epicenter
Kohīma

Nagaland, India.
153 mi (246 km)
SE from epicenter
Pyin Oo Lwin

Mandalay, Myanmar.
IV
Light
248 km (154 mi)
NW from epicenter
Hāflong

Assam, India.
III
Weak
154 mi (248 km)
S from epicenter
Pakokku

Magway, Myanmar.
251 km (156 mi)
WNW from epicenter
Hailākāndi

Assam, India.
162 mi (261 km)
SE from epicenter
Kyaukse

Mandalay, Myanmar.
168 mi (270 km)
ENE from epicenter
Bhamo

Kachin, Myanmar.
271 km (168 mi)
N from epicenter
Zunheboto

Nagaland, India.
273 km (170 mi)
WNW from epicenter
Dharmanagar

Tripura, India.
280 km (174 mi)
WNW from epicenter
Karīmganj

Assam, India.
282 km (175 mi)
NNW from epicenter
Dimāpur

Nagaland, India.
282 km (175 mi)
W from epicenter
Khagrachhari

Chittagong, Bangladesh.
286 km (178 mi)
NNW from epicenter
Diphu

Assam, India.
287 km (178 mi)
WNW from epicenter
Kailāshahar

Tripura, India.
288 km (179 mi)
N from epicenter
Wokha

Nagaland, India.
290 km (180 mi)
NNW from epicenter
Lumding Railway Colony

Assam, India.
291 km (181 mi)
NNW from epicenter
Bokajān

Assam, India.
294 km (183 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Bāndarban

Chittagong, Bangladesh.
183 mi (294 km)
S from epicenter
Chauk

Magway, Myanmar.
Cities and Towns around the epicenter of this earthquake.

Earthquake Intensity Map

The graph below overlays a map of the region around the epicenter with earthquake intensity data provided by the US Geographic Survey. The highest intensity level detected for this earthquake is IV.

I Not felt
II Weak
III Weak
IV Light
V Moderate
VI Strong
VII Very Strong
VIII Severe
IX Violent
X Extreme
Earthquake Intensity Map based on Shakemap Data provided by USGS.

Shaking reported by 24 people in 2 countries

People that feel an earthquake may report their experience to the US Geographic Survey. Currently, 24 people have reported shaking in 14 places in 2 countries (Bangladesh, India).We keep updating this article as more ground reports become available. You may report that you felt this earthquake here.

Places with most reports:

  • Dacca, Dhāka, Bangladesh: 5 people.
  • Shillong, Meghalaya, India: 4 people.
  • Ţungī, Gazipur, Bangladesh: 3 people.
  • Co'xs Bazar, Koks Bāzār, Bangladesh: 2 people.
  • Barisal, Baŗīsāl, Bangladesh: 1 person.
  • Chattagam, Chāţţagām, Bangladesh: 1 person.
  • Gopalganj, Gopālganj, Bangladesh: 1 person.
  • Comilla, Komīllā, Bangladesh: 1 person.
  • Narayanganj, Nārāyanganj, Bangladesh: 1 person.
  • Silhaţ, Silhaţ, Bangladesh: 1 person.

Risk of aftershocks?

This earthquake did not have any significant foreshocks nor aftershocks occurring within 100km (62 mi) of its epicenter.

Aftershocks are usually at least 1 order of magnitude less strong than main shocks. The more time passes, the smaller the chance and likely strength of any potential aftershocks.

In only six percent of cases, significant earthquakes are followed by a larger main shock, making the current earthquake a foreshock. While the chance of this happening is not so large, it is adviced to maintain cautiousness in the hours and days following a major earthquake.

Read: How to Stay Safe during an Earthquake (cdc.gov).

Earthquakes like this happen often in the region

Earthquakes of this strength are very common in the region. This is the strongest earthquake to hit since May 31st, 2023, when a 5.9 magnitude earthquake hit 145 mi (234 km) further north-east. An even stronger magnitude 6.9 earthquake struck on April 13th, 2016.

In total, 18 earthquakes with a magnitude of 5.4 or higher have been registered within 300km (186 mi) of this epicenter in the past 10 years. This comes down to an average of once every 7 months.

Tsunami very unlikely

DISCLAIMER: We strongly suggest to closely monitor advice from local authorities with regards to tsunami risks. Our analysis is based on automatically collected data from external sources, and these might contain mistakes. In addition, earthquakes can cause landslides that may lead to a tsunami, or be a followed by another, potentially stonger, earthquake.

While MAG-6.5+ earthquakes may cause tsunami's, it appears that the epicenter of this earthquake hit under land. In addition, the reported depth is deeper than 100km, making the risk of a tsunami even less likely. However always stay cautious and monitor advice from local authorities.

Tsunami Risk Factors

Factor Under Sea? MAG-6.5 or stronger? Shallow depth?
Explanation Almost all tsunami's are caused by earthquakes with their epicenter under sea or very near the sea. However stay cautious in coastal areas as earthquakes on land may cause landslides into sea, potentially still causing a local tsunami. Under MAG 6.5: Very unlikely to cause a tsunami.
MAG 6.5 to 7.5: Destructive tsunami's do occur, but are uncommon. Likely to observe small sea level changes.
MAG 7.6+: Earthquakes with these magnitudes might produce destructive tsunami's.
Most destructive tsunami's are caused by shallow earthquakes with a depth between 0 and 100km under the surface of the earth. Deeper tsunami's are unlikely to displace to ocean floor.
This Earthquake Not this earthquake.
This earthquake appears to have struck on land far from any coast.
Not this earthquake.
This earthquake had a magnitude of 5.4. Earthquakes of this strength are unlikely to trigger a tsunami.
This earthquake occurred at a depth of of 59 mi (95 km). Earthquakes this shallow could trigger a tsunami.

Sources

Last updated 12/06/24 14:48 (). This article contains currently available information about the earthquake and is automatically composed. We continue to update this article up to a few days after the earthquake occurred.

  1. US Geographic Society (USGS): Earthquake us7000mnrr
  2. European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre (EMSC): Earthquake 20240529_0000144
  3. Geonames.org: World Cities Database
  4. Google Maps: Static API
  5. Earthquakelist.org: Historic Earthquakes Database

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