Written by on . Last updated May 29th, 2024.

In the early morning of Monday May 13th, 2024, a shallow and significant Magnitude 5.2 earthquake hit in the South Pacific Ocean 76 kilometer from Constitución, Chile.

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Earthquake Summary

This earthquake hit under water in the South Pacific Ocean, 69 kilometers (43 mi) off the coast of Chile, 76 kilometer west of Constitución in Maule Region. The center of this earthquake had a very shallow depth of 10 km. Shallow earthquakes usually have a larger impact than earthquakes deep in the earth.

Date and Time: May 13, 2024 05:18 (Santiago Time)
- May 13, 2024 09:18 Universal Time.
Location: 76 km west of Constitución, Maule Region, Chile.
Coordinates 35°24'29"S 73°14'37"W.
Map: Map of area around epicenter.
Map of area around epicenter. Click to open in Google Maps.
Magnitude: MAG 5.2
Detected by 28 stations. Maximum Error Range ±0.059 .
Depth: 10 km (6 mi)
A very shallow depth.
Tsunami Risk: Low tsunami risk
Earthquakes under MAG-6.5 do not usually cause tsunami's.
Always stay cautious - More info here.

Nearby towns and cities

This earthquake may have been felt in Chile . The closest significant population center near the earthquake is Constitución in Maule Region, Chile. Constitución is located 76 kilometer (47 mi) west of the epicenter.

Major cities near this earthquake: Talcahuano is located 147 km to the south. Talca is located 144 km to the east. Concepción is located 159 km to the south.

The table below provides an overview of all places in proximity of today's earthquake.

Overview of nearby places

Distance Place
76 km (47 mi)
E from epicenter
Constitución

Maule Region, Chile.
104 km (65 mi)
SE from epicenter
Cauquenes

Maule Region, Chile.
137 km (85 mi)
S from epicenter
Tomé

Biobío, Chile.
139 km (86 mi)
E from epicenter
San Javier

Maule Region, Chile.
144 km (89 mi)
E from epicenter
Talca

Maule Region, Chile.
147 km (91 mi)
S from epicenter
Talcahuano

Biobío, Chile.
150 km (93 mi)
S from epicenter
Penco

Biobío, Chile.
152 km (94 mi)
ESE from epicenter
Parral

Maule Region, Chile.
157 km (98 mi)
ESE from epicenter
Linares

Maule Region, Chile.
159 km (99 mi)
S from epicenter
Concepción

Biobío, Chile.
162 km (101 mi)
SE from epicenter
San Carlos

Ñuble, Chile.
168 km (104 mi)
SE from epicenter
Chillán

Ñuble, Chile.
170 km (106 mi)
S from epicenter
Chiguayante

Biobío, Chile.
181 km (112 mi)
S from epicenter
Coronel

Biobío, Chile.
181 km (112 mi)
E from epicenter
Molina

Maule Region, Chile.
187 km (116 mi)
S from epicenter
Lota

Biobío, Chile.
188 km (117 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Curicó

Maule Region, Chile.
191 km (119 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Santa Cruz

O'Higgins Region, Chile.
196 km (122 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Cabrero

Biobío, Chile.
205 km (127 mi)
S from epicenter
Arauco

Biobío, Chile.
214 km (133 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Laja

Biobío, Chile.
215 km (134 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Chimbarongo

O'Higgins Region, Chile.
225 km (140 mi)
ENE from epicenter
San Vicente de Tagua Tagua

O'Higgins Region, Chile.
225 km (140 mi)
ENE from epicenter
San Vicente

O'Higgins Region, Chile.
230 km (143 mi)
S from epicenter
Curanilahue

Biobío, Chile.
238 km (148 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Nacimiento

Biobío, Chile.
243 km (151 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Los Ángeles

Biobío, Chile.
244 km (152 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Rengo

O'Higgins Region, Chile.
247 km (153 mi)
S from epicenter
Lebu

Biobío, Chile.
251 km (156 mi)
NE from epicenter
San Antonio

Valparaíso, Chile.
255 km (158 mi)
NE from epicenter
Cartagena

Valparaíso, Chile.
266 km (165 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Rancagua

O'Higgins Region, Chile.
266 km (165 mi)
S from epicenter
Cañete

Biobío, Chile.
267 km (166 mi)
NE from epicenter
Melipilla

Santiago Metropolitan, Chile.
270 km (168 mi)
S from epicenter
Angol

Araucanía, Chile.
272 km (169 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Mulchén

Biobío, Chile.
273 km (170 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Machalí

O'Higgins Region, Chile.
274 km (170 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Graneros

O'Higgins Region, Chile.
282 km (175 mi)
NE from epicenter
El Monte

Santiago Metropolitan, Chile.
287 km (178 mi)
NE from epicenter
Talagante

Santiago Metropolitan, Chile.
290 km (180 mi)
NE from epicenter
Paine

Santiago Metropolitan, Chile.
292 km (181 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Collipulli

Araucanía, Chile.
295 km (183 mi)
NE from epicenter
Buin

Santiago Metropolitan, Chile.
295 km (183 mi)
NE from epicenter
Peñaflor

Santiago Metropolitan, Chile.
Cities and Towns around the epicenter of this earthquake.

2 Aftershocks detected

After this earthquake struck, 2 smaller aftershocks occurred. Just 48 mins after this main shock, an earthquake measuring MAG-3 was detected 15 km (9 mi) west-southwest of this earthquake.

In the days before this main shock, 1 smaller foreshock was detected. Roughly 3 days before this earthquake, a foreshock measuring MAG-3.5 was detected nearby this earthquake.

Overview of foreshocks and aftershocks

Classification Magnitude When Where
Foreshock M 3.5 3 days earlier
May 10, 2024 11:42 (Santiago Time)
65 km (40 mi)
NE from Main Shock.
Main Shock
This Earthquake
M 5.2 May 13, 2024 05:18
(Santiago Time)
-
Aftershock M 3.0 48 mins later
May 13, 2024 06:06 (Santiago Time)
15 km (9 mi)
WSW from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 2.9 1 day later
May 14, 2024 10:36 (Santiago Time)
85 km (53 mi)
SSE from Main Shock.
Detected MAG2.5+ earthquakes within within 100km (62 mi), that occurred in the three days before and after the main shock.

More earthquakes coming?

Earthquakes can create aftershocks. These are generally at least 1 magnitude lower than any main shock, and as time passes the chance and strength of aftershocks decreases.

In only six percent of cases, significant earthquakes are followed by a larger main shock, making the current earthquake a foreshock. While the chance of this happening is not so large, it is adviced to maintain cautiousness in the hours and days following a major earthquake.

Read: How to Stay Safe during an Earthquake (cdc.gov).

Earthquakes like this happen often in the region

Earthquakes of this strength are very common in the region. This is the strongest earthquake to hit since June 15th, 2023, when a 5.4 magnitude earthquake hit 158 km (98 mi) further north-east. An even stronger magnitude 6.9 earthquake struck on April 24th, 2017.

In total, 49 earthquakes with a magnitude of 5.2 or higher have been registered within 300km (186 mi) of this epicenter in the past 10 years. This comes down to an average of once every 2 months.

Low tsunami risk

DISCLAIMER: We strongly suggest to closely monitor advice from local authorities with regards to tsunami risks. Our analysis is based on automatically collected data from external sources, and these might contain mistakes. In addition, earthquakes can cause landslides that may lead to a tsunami, or be a followed by another, potentially stonger, earthquake.

Based on early data it appears this earthquake was not strong enough (lower than MAG-6.5) to be likely to cause destructive tsunami's. However this earthquake appeared to have hit at a shallow depth under sea, so stay cautious and monitor advice from local authorities.

Tsunami Risk Factors

Factor Under Sea? MAG-6.5 or stronger? Shallow depth?
Explanation Almost all tsunami's are caused by earthquakes with their epicenter under sea or very near the sea. However stay cautious in coastal areas as earthquakes on land may cause landslides into sea, potentially still causing a local tsunami. Under MAG 6.5: Very unlikely to cause a tsunami.
MAG 6.5 to 7.5: Destructive tsunami's do occur, but are uncommon. Likely to observe small sea level changes.
MAG 7.6+: Earthquakes with these magnitudes might produce destructive tsunami's.
Most destructive tsunami's are caused by shallow earthquakes with a depth between 0 and 100km under the surface of the earth. Deeper tsunami's are unlikely to displace to ocean floor.
This Earthquake This earthquake appears to have struck under the sea. Not this earthquake.
This earthquake had a magnitude of 5.2. Earthquakes of this strength are unlikely to trigger a tsunami.
This earthquake occurred at a depth of of 10 km (6 mi). Earthquakes this shallow could trigger a tsunami.

Sources

Last updated 29/05/24 11:18 (). As more information on this earthquake becomes available this article will be updated. This article is automatically composed based on data originating from multiple sources.

  1. US Geographic Society (USGS): Earthquake us6000my8g
  2. European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre (EMSC): Earthquake 20240513_0000091
  3. Geonames.org: World Cities Database
  4. Google Maps: Static API
  5. Earthquakelist.org: Historic Earthquakes Database

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