Written by on . Last updated May 30th, 2024.

In the evening of Friday April 5th, 2024, a significant Magnitude 5.7 earthquake hit under land 82 miles from Myitkyina in Myanmar. Roughly 6.9 million people may have felt this earthquake. Other countries near the epicenter include India and China.

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Earthquake Summary

The earthquake struck on land in Myanmar, 82 miles (132 km) north-northwest of Myitkyina in Kachin. The center of this earthquake had an intermediate depth of 62 km.

Date and Time: Apr 5, 2024 07:15PM (Yangon Time)
- Apr 5, 2024 12:45 Universal Time.
Location: 266 km NW of Baoshan, Yunnan, China.
Coordinates 26°31'1"N 97°0'20"E.
Map: Map of area around epicenter.
Map of area around epicenter. Click to open in Google Maps.
Magnitude: MAG 5.7
Detected by 388 stations. Maximum Error Range ±0.03 .
Depth: 62 mi (99 km)
An intermediate depth.
Max. Intensity:
V
Moderate

On the Modified Mercalli Scale.
Tsunami Risk: Tsunami very unlikely
While this was a shallow earthquake, it appears to have occurred under land with a magnitude not strong enough to cause tsunami's.
Always stay cautious - More info here.

Minimal impact predicted

Based on scientific estimates by the US Geographic Survey (USGS), the risk of high fatalities for this earthquake is classified at level GREEN (low). They expect an 65% likelyhood of between 0 and 1 fatalities, and a 96% chance that the number of fatalities falls no higher than 10.

The USGS classifies the economic impact of this earthquake at level GREEN (low). They expect an 65% likelyhood of between 0 and 1 million US Dollars in economic damage and impact, and a 96% chance that the economic impact of this earthquake falls no higher than 10 million USD.

Roughly 6.9 million people exposed to shaking

An estimated 6.9 million have been exposed to shaking (An MMI or Modified Mercalli Intensity level II or higher) as a result of this earthquake according scientific estimates published by the USGS.

An estimated 4,677,000 people were exposed to level IV. At this level, light shaking and likely no damage can be expected.

People in 3 countries have been exposed to shaking. In India , around 3.5 million people, with impact levels up to IV (light shaking, likely no damage). In Myanmar , around 1.8 million people. Roughly 1.6 million people were exposed to shaking in China .

People MMI Level Shaking Damage
0
I
Not noticable None
0
II
Very weak None
2,271,000
III
Weak Probably none
4,677,000
IV
Light Likely none
0
V
Moderate Very light
0
VI
Strong Light
0
VII
Very Strong Moderate
0
VIII
Severe Moderate to heavy
0
IX
Violent Heavy
0
X
Extreme Very heavy

Nearby towns and cities

This earthquake struck within proximity of multiple countries. Myanmar , India and China are all within 300km distance of its epicenter.

The closest significant population center near the earthquake is Myitkyina in Kachin, Myanmar. Myitkyina is located 82 miles (132 km) north-northwest of the epicenter. The intensity of shaking and damage in Myitkyina is estimated to be around level IV on the Modified Mercalli Intensity scale (light shaking, likely no damage).

Multiple major population centers exist within 300km of the earthquake that struck today. Baoshan is located 266 km to the south-east (intensity unknown, possibly low). Tengyue is located 227 km to the south-east and experienced an intensity of III (weak shaking, probably no damage). Dibrugarh is located 234 km to the west-northwest (intensity unknown, possibly low).

The table below provides an overview of all places in proximity of today's earthquake. Where available, the estimated intensity on the Modified Mercalli Intensity Scale in each place is included. Places where this information is omitted likely experienced little impact.

Overview of nearby places

Distance Place Intensity (MMI)
82 mi (132 km)
SSE from epicenter
Myitkyina

Kachin, Myanmar.
IV
Light
158 km (98 mi)
WNW from epicenter
Margherita

Assam, India.
IV
Light
169 km (105 mi)
NW from epicenter
Digboi

Assam, India.
IV
Light
178 km (111 mi)
SE from epicenter
Ruidian

Yunnan, China.
IV
Light
183 km (114 mi)
WNW from epicenter
Nāmrup

Assam, India.
IV
Light
184 km (114 mi)
SE from epicenter
Houqiao

Yunnan, China.
IV
Light
185 km (115 mi)
NW from epicenter
Dum Duma

Assam, India.
IV
Light
186 km (116 mi)
WNW from epicenter
Nahorkatiya

Assam, India.
IV
Light
189 km (117 mi)
NW from epicenter
Mākum

Assam, India.
IV
Light
191 km (119 mi)
SE from epicenter
Mingguang

Yunnan, China.
III
Weak
193 km (120 mi)
WNW from epicenter
Duliāgaon

Assam, India.
IV
Light
195 km (121 mi)
W from epicenter
Mon

Nagaland, India.
III
Weak
196 km (122 mi)
WNW from epicenter
Tinsukia

Assam, India.
IV
Light
197 km (122 mi)
SE from epicenter
Gudong

Yunnan, China.
IV
Light
198 km (123 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Shangpa

Yunnan, China.
III
Weak
199 km (124 mi)
ESE from epicenter
Liuku

Yunnan, China.
IV
Light
204 km (127 mi)
SE from epicenter
Jietou

Yunnan, China.
III
Weak
205 km (127 mi)
WNW from epicenter
Sonāri

Assam, India.
207 km (129 mi)
SE from epicenter
Mazhan

Yunnan, China.
III
Weak
214 km (133 mi)
SE from epicenter
Zhonghe

Yunnan, China.
III
Weak
214 km (133 mi)
E from epicenter
Yingpan

Yunnan, China.
215 km (134 mi)
SE from epicenter
Qushi

Yunnan, China.
III
Weak
219 km (136 mi)
W from epicenter
Tuensang

Nagaland, India.
221 km (137 mi)
SE from epicenter
Hehua

Yunnan, China.
III
Weak
222 km (138 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Yingjiang

Yunnan, China.
III
Weak
223 km (139 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Taiping

Yunnan, China.
224 km (139 mi)
SE from epicenter
Beihai

Yunnan, China.
III
Weak
227 km (141 mi)
SE from epicenter
Tengyue

Yunnan, China.
III
Weak
229 km (142 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Nongzhang

Yunnan, China.
234 km (145 mi)
WNW from epicenter
Dibrugarh

Assam, India.
239 km (149 mi)
NW from epicenter
Pāsighāt

Arunachal Pradesh, India.
III
Weak
241 km (150 mi)
WNW from epicenter
Sibsāgar

Assam, India.
243 km (151 mi)
E from epicenter
Jinding

Yunnan, China.
243 km (151 mi)
SE from epicenter
Mangbang

Yunnan, China.
III
Weak
248 km (154 mi)
SE from epicenter
Wuhe

Yunnan, China.
III
Weak
249 km (155 mi)
W from epicenter
Mokokchūng

Nagaland, India.
157 mi (253 km)
S from epicenter
Bhamo

Kachin, Myanmar.
256 km (159 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Zunheboto

Nagaland, India.
266 km (165 mi)
SE from epicenter
Baoshan

Yunnan, China.
267 km (166 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Phek

Manipur, India.
271 km (168 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Zhangfeng

Yunnan, China.
278 km (173 mi)
SE from epicenter
Mangshi

Yunnan, China.
278 km (173 mi)
W from epicenter
Wokha

Nagaland, India.
278 km (173 mi)
ESE from epicenter
Bonan

Yunnan, China.
280 km (174 mi)
W from epicenter
Jorhāt

Assam, India.
280 km (174 mi)
SE from epicenter
Menghuan

Yunnan, China.
280 km (174 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Fengping

Yunnan, China.
281 km (175 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Zhefang

Yunnan, China.
290 km (180 mi)
E from epicenter
Jinhua

Yunnan, China.
293 km (182 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Mengmao

Yunnan, China.
297 km (185 mi)
E from epicenter
Zibihu

Yunnan, China.
299 km (186 mi)
WNW from epicenter
North Lakhimpur

Assam, India.
Cities and Towns around the epicenter of this earthquake.

Earthquake Intensity Map

The intensity in shaking and damage by this earthquake is illustrated through the map below. The highest intensity measured for this earthquake is IV.

I Not felt
II Weak
III Weak
IV Light
V Moderate
VI Strong
VII Very Strong
VIII Severe
IX Violent
X Extreme
Earthquake Intensity Map based on Shakemap Data provided by USGS.

Shaking reported by 1 person

People that feel an earthquake may report their experience to the US Geographic Survey. Currently, 1 person has reported shaking in one place in India.We keep updating this article as more ground reports become available. You may report that you felt this earthquake here.

Places with most reports:

  • Dulia Gaon, Assam, India: 1 person.

Risk of aftershocks?

We monitor for foreshocks or aftershocks that have a magnitude of 2.5+ and occur within 100km (62 mi) of the epicenter of this earthquake. So far no such earthquakes have been detected.

The risk of aftershocks decreases rapidly over time. Usually, aftershocks are at least one order of magnitude lower than a main shock.

In only six percent of cases, significant earthquakes are followed by a larger main shock, making the current earthquake a foreshock. While the chance of this happening is not so large, it is adviced to maintain cautiousness in the hours and days following a major earthquake.

Read: How to Stay Safe during an Earthquake (cdc.gov).

Earthquakes like this are common in the region

Earthquakes of this strength occur quite regularly in the region. This is the strongest earthquake to hit since May 31st, 2023, when a 5.9 magnitude earthquake hit 109 mi (175 km) further south-southwest. That was also the heaviest earthquake to hit the region in the past 10 years.

In total, 3 earthquakes with a magnitude of 5.7 or higher have been registered within 300km (186 mi) of this epicenter in the past 10 years. This comes down to an average of once every 3 years.

Tsunami very unlikely

DISCLAIMER: We strongly suggest to closely monitor advice from local authorities with regards to tsunami risks. Our analysis is based on automatically collected data from external sources, and these might contain mistakes. In addition, earthquakes can cause landslides that may lead to a tsunami, or be a followed by another, potentially stonger, earthquake.

While MAG-6.5+ earthquakes may cause tsunami's, it appears that the epicenter of this earthquake hit under land. In addition, the reported depth is deeper than 100km, making the risk of a tsunami even less likely. However always stay cautious and monitor advice from local authorities.

Tsunami Risk Factors

Factor Under Sea? MAG-6.5 or stronger? Shallow depth?
Explanation Almost all tsunami's are caused by earthquakes with their epicenter under sea or very near the sea. However stay cautious in coastal areas as earthquakes on land may cause landslides into sea, potentially still causing a local tsunami. Under MAG 6.5: Very unlikely to cause a tsunami.
MAG 6.5 to 7.5: Destructive tsunami's do occur, but are uncommon. Likely to observe small sea level changes.
MAG 7.6+: Earthquakes with these magnitudes might produce destructive tsunami's.
Most destructive tsunami's are caused by shallow earthquakes with a depth between 0 and 100km under the surface of the earth. Deeper tsunami's are unlikely to displace to ocean floor.
This Earthquake Not this earthquake.
This earthquake appears to have struck on land far from any coast.
Not this earthquake.
This earthquake had a magnitude of 5.7. Earthquakes of this strength are unlikely to trigger a tsunami.
This earthquake occurred at a depth of of 62 mi (99 km). Earthquakes this shallow could trigger a tsunami.

Sources

Last updated 30/05/24 06:38 (). As more information on this earthquake becomes available this article will be updated. This article is automatically composed based on data originating from multiple sources.

  1. US Geographic Society (USGS): Earthquake us7000ma59
  2. European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre (EMSC): Earthquake 20240405_0000156
  3. Geonames.org: World Cities Database
  4. Google Maps: Static API
  5. Earthquakelist.org: Historic Earthquakes Database

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