Written by on . Last updated April 16th, 2024.

In the morning of Friday March 29th, 2024, a shallow and significant Magnitude 5.8 earthquake hit 25 miles from Greece. Shaking may have been felt by a total of 1.9 million people. Another country near the epicenter is Albania.

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Earthquake Summary

This earthquake struck 25 miles (40 km) from Greece The center of this earthquake had a quite shallow depth of 27 km. Shallow earthquakes usually have a larger impact than earthquakes deep in the earth.

Date and Time: Mar 29, 2024 09:12 (Athens Time)
- Mar 29, 2024 07:12 Universal Time.
Location: 43 km SSW of Pýrgos, West Greece, Greece.
Coordinates 37°19'4"N 21°14'49"E.
Map: Map of area around epicenter.
Map of area around epicenter. Click to open in Google Maps.
Magnitude: MAG 5.8
Detected by 52 stations. Maximum Error Range ±0.043 .
Depth: 27 km (17 mi)
A quite shallow depth.
Max. Intensity:
V
Moderate

On the Modified Mercalli Scale.
Tsunami Risk: Low tsunami risk
Earthquakes under MAG-6.5 do not usually cause tsunami's.
Always stay cautious - More info here.

Minimal impact predicted

The US Geographic Survey (USGS) describes the impact of this earthquake as follows:

Several homes destoyred and many buildings damaged at Zacharo.

Based on scientific estimates by the USGS, the risk of high fatalities for this earthquake is classified at level GREEN (low). They expect an 65% likelyhood of between 0 and 1 fatalities, and a 96% chance that the number of fatalities falls no higher than 10.

The USGS classifies the economic impact of this earthquake at level GREEN (low). They expect an 65% likelyhood of between 0 and 1 million US Dollars in economic damage and impact, and a 96% chance that the economic impact of this earthquake falls no higher than 10 million USD.

Roughly 1.9 million people exposed to shaking

The USGS has published a report estimating the number of people exposed to this earthquake. Acoording to their analysis, roughly 1.9 million have been exposed to shaking at an MMI level of II or higher.

The highest earthquake impact level for this earthquake is V, which corresponds with moderate shaking and very light damage. Roughly 15,800 people are expected to be exposed to this level. Intensity level III was experienced by the majority of people (around 1.2 million). In their region, weak shaking and probably no damage can be expected. All exposure to shaking was within the borders of Greece .

People MMI Level Shaking Damage
0
I
Not noticable None
0
II
Very weak None
1,212,000
III
Weak Probably none
651,500
IV
Light Likely none
15,800
V
Moderate Very light
0
VI
Strong Light
0
VII
Very Strong Moderate
0
VIII
Severe Moderate to heavy
0
IX
Violent Heavy
0
X
Extreme Very heavy

Nearby towns and cities

This earthquake struck within proximity of multiple countries. Greece and Albania are both within 300km distance of its epicenter.

The closest significant population center near the earthquake is Pýrgos in West Greece, Greece. Pýrgos is located 43 kilometer (27 mi) south-southwest of the epicenter. Pýrgos experienced an earthquake intensity (MMI Scale) of roughly V. That level implies moderate shaking and very light damage.

Multiple large cities are in proximity of today's earthquake. Athens is located 231 km to the east-northeast (intensity unknown, possibly low). Pátra is located 112 km to the north-northeast and experienced an intensity of IV (light shaking, likely no damage). Thessaloníki is located 397 km to the north-northeast (intensity unknown, possibly low).

The table below provides an overview of all places in proximity of today's earthquake. Where available, the estimated intensity on the Modified Mercalli Intensity Scale in each place is included. Places where this information is omitted likely experienced little impact.

Overview of nearby places

Distance Place Intensity (MMI)
43 km (27 mi)
NNE from epicenter
Pýrgos

West Greece, Greece.
V
Moderate
54 km (34 mi)
N from epicenter
Amaliáda

West Greece, Greece.
IV
Light
83 km (52 mi)
ESE from epicenter
Kalamata

Peloponnese, Greece.
IV
Light
102 km (63 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Trípoli

Peloponnese, Greece.
IV
Light
108 km (67 mi)
ESE from epicenter
Sparta

Peloponnese, Greece.
IV
Light
112 km (70 mi)
NNE from epicenter
Pátra

West Greece, Greece.
IV
Light
127 km (79 mi)
NE from epicenter
Aígio

West Greece, Greece.
III
Weak
136 km (85 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Árgos

Peloponnese, Greece.
III
Weak
146 km (91 mi)
N from epicenter
Agrínio

West Greece, Greece.
III
Weak
165 km (103 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Kórinthos

Peloponnese, Greece.
III
Weak
187 km (116 mi)
NNW from epicenter
Préveza

Epirus, Greece.
III
Weak
190 km (118 mi)
NE from epicenter
Livadeiá

Central Greece, Greece.
III
Weak
199 km (124 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Mégara

Attica, Greece.
III
Weak
204 km (127 mi)
NNE from epicenter
Lamía

Central Greece, Greece.
III
Weak
214 km (133 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Thívai

Central Greece, Greece.
III
Weak
221 km (137 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Keratsíni

Attica, Greece.
222 km (138 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Piraeus

Attica, Greece.
224 km (139 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Korydallós

Attica, Greece.
224 km (139 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Níkaia

Attica, Greece.
226 km (140 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Chaïdári

Attica, Greece.
227 km (141 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Aigáleo

Attica, Greece.
227 km (141 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Kallithéa

Attica, Greece.
227 km (141 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Palaió Fáliro

Attica, Greece.
228 km (142 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Néa Smýrni

Attica, Greece.
228 km (142 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Álimos

Attica, Greece.
229 km (142 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Peristéri

Attica, Greece.
229 km (142 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Agios Dimitrios

Attica, Greece.
229 km (142 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Glyfáda

Attica, Greece.
229 km (142 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Petroúpolis

Attica, Greece.
230 km (143 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Ílion

Attica, Greece.
230 km (143 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Argyroúpoli

Attica, Greece.
231 km (144 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Athens

Attica, Greece.
232 km (144 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Ágioi Anárgyroi

Attica, Greece.
232 km (144 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Áno Liósia

Attica, Greece.
232 km (144 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Ilioúpoli

Attica, Greece.
232 km (144 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Výronas

Attica, Greece.
234 km (145 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Galátsi

Attica, Greece.
234 km (145 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Zográfos

Attica, Greece.
235 km (146 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Néa Ionía

Attica, Greece.
235 km (146 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Acharnés

Attica, Greece.
236 km (147 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Irákleio

Attica, Greece.
238 km (148 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Khalándrion

Attica, Greece.
239 km (149 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Maroúsi

Attica, Greece.
241 km (150 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Agía Paraskeví

Attica, Greece.
241 km (150 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Kifisiá

Attica, Greece.
243 km (151 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Chalkída

Central Greece, Greece.
253 km (157 mi)
N from epicenter
Tríkala

Thessaly, Greece.
263 km (163 mi)
N from epicenter
Ioánnina

Epirus, Greece.
271 km (168 mi)
NNE from epicenter
Volos

Thessaly, Greece.
277 km (172 mi)
NNE from epicenter
Lárisa

Thessaly, Greece.
281 km (175 mi)
NNW from epicenter
Corfu

Ionian Islands, Greece.
320 km (199 mi)
SE from epicenter
Chaniá

Crete, Greece.
321 km (199 mi)
NNW from epicenter
Gjirokastër

Gjirokastër, Albania.
335 km (208 mi)
N from epicenter
Kozáni

West Macedonia, Greece.
369 km (229 mi)
N from epicenter
Korçë

Korçë, Albania.
382 km (237 mi)
NNW from epicenter
Vlorë

Vlorë, Albania.
393 km (244 mi)
NNW from epicenter
Berat

Berat, Albania.
397 km (247 mi)
NNE from epicenter
Thessaloníki

Central Macedonia, Greece.
400 km (249 mi)
NNW from epicenter
Patos

Fier, Albania.
Cities and Towns around the epicenter of this earthquake.

Earthquake Intensity Map

The intensity in shaking and damage by this earthquake is illustrated through the map below. The highest intensity measured for this earthquake is V.

I Not felt
II Weak
III Weak
IV Light
V Moderate
VI Strong
VII Very Strong
VIII Severe
IX Violent
X Extreme
Earthquake Intensity Map based on Shakemap Data provided by USGS.

Shaking reported by 28 people in 4 countries

People that feel an earthquake may report their experience to the US Geographic Survey. Currently, 28 people have reported shaking in 23 places in 4 countries (Egypt, Greece, Malta, Armenia).We keep updating this article as more ground reports become available. You may report that you felt this earthquake here.

Places with most reports:

  • Xirokámbion, Lakonía, Greece: 3 people.
  • Athens, Attikí, Greece: 2 people.
  • Mosta, Northern, Malta: 2 people.
  • Kalamáta, Messinía, Greece: 2 people.
  • Nidríon, Levkás, Greece: 1 person.
  • San Pawl il-Baħar, Northern, Malta: 1 person.
  • Ta Xbiex, Inner Harbour, Malta: 1 person.
  • Munxar, Gozo and Comino, Malta: 1 person.
  • Paralía Vérgas, Messinía, Greece: 1 person.
  • Longá, Messinía, Greece: 1 person.

14 Aftershocks detected

After this earthquake struck, 14 smaller aftershocks occurred. Just 5 hrs after this main shock, an earthquake measuring MAG-3.6 was detected 19 km (11 mi) southwest of this earthquake.

In the days before this main shock, 2 smaller foreshocks were detected. Nearby this earthquake a foreshock struck 53 sec earlier. It measured a magnitude of 4.1

Overview of foreshocks and aftershocks

Classification Magnitude When Where
Foreshock M 2.5 13 hrs earlier
Mar 28, 2024 20:18 (Athens Time)
38 km (24 mi)
NE from Main Shock.
Foreshock M 4.1 53 sec earlier
Mar 29, 2024 09:11 (Athens Time)
7 km (4 mi)
SSE from Main Shock.
Main Shock
This Earthquake
M 5.8 Mar 29, 2024 09:12
(Athens Time)
-
Aftershock M 3.3 8 mins later
Mar 29, 2024 09:20 (Athens Time)
10 km (6 mi)
SSW from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 2.9 11 mins later
Mar 29, 2024 09:24 (Athens Time)
14 km (9 mi)
SSW from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 2.6 27 mins later
Mar 29, 2024 09:39 (Athens Time)
14 km (9 mi)
SSW from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 3.1 33 mins later
Mar 29, 2024 09:45 (Athens Time)
17 km (10 mi)
S from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 3.3 56 mins later
Mar 29, 2024 10:09 (Athens Time)
14 km (9 mi)
S from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 2.5 1 hr later
Mar 29, 2024 10:30 (Athens Time)
6 km (3 mi)
SSW from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 2.8 2 hrs later
Mar 29, 2024 10:49 (Athens Time)
14 km (9 mi)
SSW from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 3.6 5 hrs later
Mar 29, 2024 14:19 (Athens Time)
19 km (11 mi)
SW from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 3.5 11 hrs later
Mar 29, 2024 19:51 (Athens Time)
14 km (9 mi)
SSW from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 2.6 1 day later
Mar 30, 2024 10:13 (Athens Time)
11 km (7 mi)
SSW from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 2.5 1 day later
Mar 30, 2024 10:40 (Athens Time)
19 km (12 mi)
SSW from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 2.5 2 days later
Mar 31, 2024 16:43 (Athens Time)
76 km (47 mi)
E from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 3.3 3 days later
Apr 1, 2024 01:23 (Athens Time)
6 km (4 mi)
SE from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 2.5 3 days later
Apr 1, 2024 08:41 (Athens Time)
11 km (7 mi)
SSW from Main Shock.
Detected MAG2.5+ earthquakes within within 100km (62 mi), that occurred in the three days before and after the main shock.

More earthquakes coming?

The risk of aftershocks decreases rapidly over time. Usually, aftershocks are at least one order of magnitude lower than a main shock.

The chance that a significant earthquake like this one is followed by an even larger earthquake is not so large. On average, scientists estimate a 94% chance that a major earthquake will not be followed by an even larger one. It is still adviced to be aware of this risk

Read: How to Stay Safe during an Earthquake (cdc.gov).

This is the strongest earthquake in 3 years

Earthquakes of this strength occur quite regularly in the region. This is the strongest earthquake to hit since March 4th, 2021, when a 5.8 magnitude earthquake hit 285 km (177 mi) further north-northeast. An even stronger magnitude 6.8 earthquake struck on October 25th, 2018.

In total, 6 earthquakes with a magnitude of 5.8 or higher have been registered within 300km (186 mi) of this epicenter in the past 10 years. This comes down to an average of once every 2 years.

Low tsunami risk

DISCLAIMER: We strongly suggest to closely monitor advice from local authorities with regards to tsunami risks. Our analysis is based on automatically collected data from external sources, and these might contain mistakes. In addition, earthquakes can cause landslides that may lead to a tsunami, or be a followed by another, potentially stonger, earthquake.

Based on early data it appears this earthquake was not strong enough (lower than MAG-6.5) to be likely to cause destructive tsunami's. However this earthquake appeared to have hit at a shallow depth under sea, so stay cautious and monitor advice from local authorities.

Tsunami Risk Factors

Factor Under Sea? MAG-6.5 or stronger? Shallow depth?
Explanation Almost all tsunami's are caused by earthquakes with their epicenter under sea or very near the sea. However stay cautious in coastal areas as earthquakes on land may cause landslides into sea, potentially still causing a local tsunami. Under MAG 6.5: Very unlikely to cause a tsunami.
MAG 6.5 to 7.5: Destructive tsunami's do occur, but are uncommon. Likely to observe small sea level changes.
MAG 7.6+: Earthquakes with these magnitudes might produce destructive tsunami's.
Most destructive tsunami's are caused by shallow earthquakes with a depth between 0 and 100km under the surface of the earth. Deeper tsunami's are unlikely to displace to ocean floor.
This Earthquake This earthquake appears to have struck under the sea. Not this earthquake.
This earthquake had a magnitude of 5.8. Earthquakes of this strength are unlikely to trigger a tsunami.
This earthquake occurred at a depth of of 27 km (17 mi). Earthquakes this shallow could trigger a tsunami.

Sources

Last updated 16/04/24 08:38 (). This article contains currently available information about the earthquake and is automatically composed. We continue to update this article up to a few days after the earthquake occurred.

  1. US Geographic Society (USGS): Earthquake us7000m8q9
  2. European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre (EMSC): Earthquake 20240329_0000071
  3. Geonames.org: World Cities Database
  4. Google Maps: Static API
  5. Earthquakelist.org: Historic Earthquakes Database

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