Written by on . Last updated April 16th, 2024.

A shallow and significant M5.4 earthquake struck under land 29 kilometer from Nikšić in Montenegro in the night of Thursday March 14th, 2024. Around 10 million people have been exposed to shaking. Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Albania, Serbia, North Macedonia and Italy are also near its epicenter.

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Earthquake Summary

The earthquake struck on land in Montenegro, 29 kilometer (18 mi) northwest of Nikšić in Opština Nikšić. The center of this earthquake had a very shallow depth of 17 km. Shallow earthquakes usually have a larger impact than earthquakes deep in the earth.

Date and Time: Mar 14, 2024 04:06 (Podgorica Time)
- Mar 14, 2024 03:06 Universal Time.
Location: 29 km NW of Nikšić, Opština Nikšić, Montenegro.
Coordinates 42°57'26"N 18°41'43"E.
Map: Map of area around epicenter.
Map of area around epicenter. Click to open in Google Maps.
Magnitude: MAG 5.4
Detected by 77 stations. Maximum Error Range ±0.035 .
Depth: 17 km (11 mi)
A very shallow depth.
Max. Intensity:
VII
Very Strong

On the Modified Mercalli Scale.
Tsunami Risk: Tsunami very unlikely
While this was a shallow earthquake, it appears to have occurred under land with a magnitude not strong enough to cause tsunami's.
Always stay cautious - More info here.

Minimal impact predicted

Based on scientific estimates by the US Geographic Survey (USGS), the risk of high fatalities for this earthquake is classified at level GREEN (low). They expect an 65% likelyhood of between 0 and 1 fatalities, and a 96% chance that the number of fatalities falls no higher than 10.

The USGS classifies the economic impact of this earthquake at level GREEN (low). They expect an 65% likelyhood of between 0 and 1 million US Dollars in economic damage and impact, and a 96% chance that the economic impact of this earthquake falls no higher than 10 million USD.

Roughly 10 million people exposed to shaking

This earthquake may have been felt by around 10 million people. That is the expected population size of the area exposed to a level of shaking of II or higher on the Modified Mercalli scale according to the USGS.

Strong shaking and probably light damage may have been experienced by an estimated 1,750 people. At VI, it is the highest MMI level this earthquake has caused. Intensity level III was experienced by the majority of people (around 8 million). In their region, weak shaking and probably no damage can be expected.

People in 7 countries have been exposed to shaking. In Bosnia and Herzegovina , around 2.6 million people, with impact levels up to VI (strong shaking, probably light damage). Roughly 620 thousand people were exposed to shaking in Montenegro . In Serbia , around 3.8 million people. In Croatia, Albania, North Macedonia and Italy, a smaller number of people were exposed.

People MMI Level Shaking Damage
0
I
Not noticable None
909,100
II
Very weak None
8,416,000
III
Weak Probably none
784,600
IV
Light Likely none
65,060
V
Moderate Very light
1,750
VI
Strong Light
0
VII
Very Strong Moderate
0
VIII
Severe Moderate to heavy
0
IX
Violent Heavy
0
X
Extreme Very heavy

Nearby towns and cities

8 countries can be found within 300km of the epicenter of this earthquake: Montenegro , Bosnia and Herzegovina , Croatia , Albania , Serbia , North Macedonia and Italy .

Nikšić in Opština Nikšić, Montenegro is the nearest significant place from the epicenter. The earthquake occurred 29 kilometer (18 mi) northwest of Nikšić. Nikšić experienced an earthquake intensity (MMI Scale) of roughly V. That level implies moderate shaking and very light damage.

Multiple large cities are in proximity of today's earthquake. Sarajevo is located 103 km to the north-northwest and experienced an intensity of IV (light shaking, likely no damage). Belgrade is located 250 km to the north-east (intensity unknown, possibly low). Podgorica is located 74 km to the south-east and experienced an intensity of III (weak shaking, probably no damage).

The table below provides an overview of all places in proximity of today's earthquake. Where available, the estimated intensity on the Modified Mercalli Intensity Scale in each place is included. Places where this information is omitted likely experienced little impact.

Overview of nearby places

Distance Place Intensity (MMI)
29 km (18 mi)
SE from epicenter
Nikšić

Opština Nikšić, Montenegro.
V
Moderate
40 km (25 mi)
SW from epicenter
Trebinje

Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
IV
Light
58 km (36 mi)
SSW from epicenter
Herceg Novi

Herceg Novi, Montenegro.
IV
Light
59 km (37 mi)
SW from epicenter
Dubrovnik

Dubrovačko-Neretvanska, Croatia.
IV
Light
65 km (40 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Cetinje

Cetinje, Montenegro.
IV
Light
70 km (43 mi)
NE from epicenter
Pljevlja

Pljevlja, Montenegro.
IV
Light
74 km (46 mi)
SE from epicenter
Podgorica

Podgorica, Montenegro.
III
Weak
76 km (47 mi)
S from epicenter
Budva

Budva, Montenegro.
IV
Light
82 km (51 mi)
NNE from epicenter
Goražde

Federation of B&H, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
IV
Light
84 km (52 mi)
WNW from epicenter
Mostar

Federation of B&H, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
III
Weak
86 km (53 mi)
E from epicenter
Bijelo Polje

Bijelo Polje, Montenegro.
III
Weak
97 km (60 mi)
NW from epicenter
Konjic

Federation of B&H, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
III
Weak
102 km (63 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Bar

Bar, Montenegro.
III
Weak
103 km (64 mi)
NNW from epicenter
Sarajevo

Federation of B&H, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
IV
Light
119 km (74 mi)
SE from epicenter
Shkodër

Shkodër, Albania.
III
Weak
122 km (76 mi)
NNW from epicenter
Visoko

Federation of B&H, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
III
Weak
134 km (83 mi)
ESE from epicenter
Peć

Pec District, Kosovo.
III
Weak
137 km (85 mi)
NE from epicenter
Užice

Central Serbia, Serbia.
III
Weak
138 km (86 mi)
ESE from epicenter
Deçan

Gjakova District, Kosovo.
III
Weak
147 km (91 mi)
E from epicenter
Istok

Pec District, Kosovo.
III
Weak
149 km (93 mi)
E from epicenter
Novi Pazar

Central Serbia, Serbia.
III
Weak
152 km (94 mi)
NNW from epicenter
Zenica

Federation of B&H, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
III
Weak
156 km (97 mi)
ESE from epicenter
Gjakovë

Gjakova District, Kosovo.
III
Weak
158 km (98 mi)
NW from epicenter
Bugojno

Federation of B&H, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
III
Weak
164 km (102 mi)
NNW from epicenter
Travnik

Federation of B&H, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
III
Weak
169 km (105 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Laç

Lezhë, Albania.
III
Weak
169 km (105 mi)
NE from epicenter
Čačak

Central Serbia, Serbia.
III
Weak
172 km (107 mi)
SE from epicenter
Kukës

Kukës, Albania.
III
Weak
176 km (109 mi)
NNE from epicenter
Valjevo

Central Serbia, Serbia.
III
Weak
176 km (109 mi)
N from epicenter
Tuzla

Federation of B&H, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
III
Weak
177 km (110 mi)
N from epicenter
Lukavac

Federation of B&H, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
III
Weak
177 km (110 mi)
E from epicenter
Mitrovicë

Mitrovica District, Kosovo.
III
Weak
183 km (114 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Kraljevo

Central Serbia, Serbia.
III
Weak
183 km (114 mi)
E from epicenter
Glogovac

Pristina District, Kosovo.
III
Weak
185 km (115 mi)
SE from epicenter
Burrel

Dibër, Albania.
III
Weak
186 km (116 mi)
E from epicenter
Vushtrri

Mitrovica District, Kosovo.
III
Weak
186 km (116 mi)
ESE from epicenter
Suva Reka

Prizren District, Kosovo.
III
Weak
187 km (116 mi)
ESE from epicenter
Prizren

Prizren District, Kosovo.
III
Weak
191 km (119 mi)
ESE from epicenter
Dragash

Prizren District, Kosovo.
III
Weak
192 km (119 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Durrës

Durrës, Albania.
III
Weak
193 km (120 mi)
WNW from epicenter
Split

Split-Dalmatia, Croatia.
IV
Light
200 km (124 mi)
ESE from epicenter
Shtime

Ferizaj District, Kosovo.
III
Weak
204 km (127 mi)
E from epicenter
Pristina

Pristina District, Kosovo.
III
Weak
204 km (127 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Tirana

Tirana, Albania.
III
Weak
213 km (132 mi)
N from epicenter
Brčko

Brčko, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
214 km (133 mi)
NE from epicenter
Kragujevac

Central Serbia, Serbia.
III
Weak
214 km (133 mi)
ESE from epicenter
Tetovo

Tetovo, North Macedonia.
III
Weak
215 km (134 mi)
ESE from epicenter
Kamenjane

Bogovinje, North Macedonia.
III
Weak
216 km (134 mi)
ESE from epicenter
Negotino

Vrapchishte, North Macedonia.
III
Weak
217 km (135 mi)
ESE from epicenter
Brvenica

Bervenices, North Macedonia.
III
Weak
217 km (135 mi)
ESE from epicenter
Tearce

Tearce, North Macedonia.
III
Weak
219 km (136 mi)
SE from epicenter
Debar

Debar, North Macedonia.
II
Weak
223 km (139 mi)
ESE from epicenter
Zelino

Zhelino, North Macedonia.
III
Weak
223 km (139 mi)
SE from epicenter
Gostivar

Gostivar, North Macedonia.
III
Weak
225 km (140 mi)
SE from epicenter
Centar Župa

Centar Zhupa, North Macedonia.
III
Weak
233 km (145 mi)
ESE from epicenter
Gjilan

Gjilan District, Kosovo.
235 km (146 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Elbasan

Elbasan, Albania.
236 km (147 mi)
NNW from epicenter
Banja Luka

Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
242 km (150 mi)
WNW from epicenter
Šibenik

Šibensko-Kniniska, Croatia.
246 km (153 mi)
SE from epicenter
Kičevo

Kichevo, North Macedonia.
III
Weak
249 km (155 mi)
ESE from epicenter
Skopje

Grad Skopje, North Macedonia.
250 km (155 mi)
NE from epicenter
Belgrade

Central Serbia, Serbia.
251 km (156 mi)
NNW from epicenter
Slavonski Brod

Slavonski Brod-Posavina, Croatia.
251 km (156 mi)
NNE from epicenter
Zemun

Central Serbia, Serbia.
253 km (157 mi)
ESE from epicenter
Lipkovo

Lipkovo, North Macedonia.
254 km (158 mi)
SW from epicenter
Bari

Apulia, Italy.
257 km (160 mi)
SE from epicenter
Struga

Struga, North Macedonia.
III
Weak
259 km (161 mi)
N from epicenter
Vinkovci

Vukovar-Sirmium, Croatia.
259 km (161 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Fier-Çifçi

Fier, Albania.
260 km (162 mi)
ESE from epicenter
Ilinden

Ilinden, North Macedonia.
260 km (162 mi)
ESE from epicenter
Studeničani

Studeničani, North Macedonia.
263 km (163 mi)
E from epicenter
Niš

Central Serbia, Serbia.
264 km (164 mi)
ESE from epicenter
Kumanovo

Kumanovo, North Macedonia.
269 km (167 mi)
SE from epicenter
Ohrid

Ohrid, North Macedonia.
271 km (168 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Berat

Berat, Albania.
271 km (168 mi)
NNE from epicenter
Novi Sad

Vojvodina, Serbia.
277 km (172 mi)
NNW from epicenter
Požega

Požeško-Slavonska, Croatia.
280 km (174 mi)
SE from epicenter
Pogradec

Korçë, Albania.
282 km (175 mi)
SE from epicenter
Resen

Resen, North Macedonia.
284 km (176 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Vlorë

Vlorë, Albania.
288 km (179 mi)
ESE from epicenter
Veles

Veles, North Macedonia.
288 km (179 mi)
N from epicenter
Osijek

Osječko-Baranjska, Croatia.
296 km (184 mi)
SE from epicenter
Prilep

Prilep, North Macedonia.
Cities and Towns around the epicenter of this earthquake.

Earthquake Intensity Map

The intensity in shaking and damage by this earthquake is illustrated through the map below. The highest intensity measured for this earthquake is VI.

I Not felt
II Weak
III Weak
IV Light
V Moderate
VI Strong
VII Very Strong
VIII Severe
IX Violent
X Extreme
Earthquake Intensity Map based on Shakemap Data provided by USGS.

Shaking reported by 242 people in 7 countries

People that feel an earthquake may report their experience to the US Geographic Survey. Currently, 242 people have reported shaking in 52 places in 7 countries (Serbia and Montenegro, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, Italy, Macedonia, Croatia).We keep updating this article as more ground reports become available. You may report that you felt this earthquake here.

Places with most reports:

  • Podgorica, Montenegro, Serbia and Montenegro: 56 people.
  • Čilipi, Dubrovnik-Neretva, Croatia: 34 people.
  • Kobilja Glava, Federacija Bosna i Hercegovina, Bosnia and Herzegovina: 15 people.
  • Nikšić, Montenegro, Serbia and Montenegro: 15 people.
  • Sarajevo, Federacija Bosna i Hercegovina, Bosnia and Herzegovina: 14 people.
  • Tirana, Tirana, Albania: 10 people.
  • Ulcinj, Montenegro, Serbia and Montenegro: 7 people.
  • Split, Split-Dalmacija, Croatia: 7 people.
  • Dubrovnik, Dubrovnik-Neretva, Croatia: 7 people.
  • Skopje, Skopje, Macedonia: 6 people.

20 Aftershocks detected

This main shock was followed by 20 smaller aftershocks. At a distance of 6 km (4 mi) northwest of this earthquake, an aftershock struck 2 days later. It measured a magnitude of 3.5

Overview of foreshocks and aftershocks

Classification Magnitude When Where
Main Shock
This Earthquake
M 5.4 Mar 14, 2024 04:06
(Podgorica Time)
-
Aftershock M 3.2 8 mins later
Mar 14, 2024 04:14 (Podgorica Time)
5 km (3 mi)
NW from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 3.4 24 mins later
Mar 14, 2024 04:30 (Podgorica Time)
5 km (3 mi)
WSW from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 2.7 32 mins later
Mar 14, 2024 04:38 (Podgorica Time)
7 km (5 mi)
NNW from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 2.9 42 mins later
Mar 14, 2024 04:49 (Podgorica Time)
3 km (2.1 mi)
NW from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 2.7 47 mins later
Mar 14, 2024 04:53 (Podgorica Time)
9 km (5 mi)
NNE from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 2.6 1 hr later
Mar 14, 2024 05:10 (Podgorica Time)
2.9 km (1.8 mi)
NW from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 2.7 1 hr later
Mar 14, 2024 05:18 (Podgorica Time)
2.7 km (1.7 mi)
NE from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 2.5 2 hrs later
Mar 14, 2024 05:38 (Podgorica Time)
10 km (6 mi)
NE from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 2.7 3 hrs later
Mar 14, 2024 06:38 (Podgorica Time)
3 km (2 mi)
WNW from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 2.7 3 hrs later
Mar 14, 2024 07:05 (Podgorica Time)
4 km (2.7 mi)
W from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 3.0 3 hrs later
Mar 14, 2024 07:06 (Podgorica Time)
6 km (3 mi)
NW from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 3.0 3 hrs later
Mar 14, 2024 07:34 (Podgorica Time)
6 km (4 mi)
NW from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 2.6 4 hrs later
Mar 14, 2024 08:34 (Podgorica Time)
5 km (3 mi)
SW from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 3.2 9 hrs later
Mar 14, 2024 12:48 (Podgorica Time)
28 km (18 mi)
NNE from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 3.2 10 hrs later
Mar 14, 2024 14:31 (Podgorica Time)
6 km (4 mi)
NW from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 2.8 1 day later
Mar 15, 2024 12:10 (Podgorica Time)
6 km (3 mi)
WSW from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 2.6 2 days later
Mar 15, 2024 17:51 (Podgorica Time)
10 km (6 mi)
NW from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 3.5 2 days later
Mar 16, 2024 06:11 (Podgorica Time)
6 km (4 mi)
NW from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 2.8 3 days later
Mar 17, 2024 03:31 (Podgorica Time)
4 km (2.2 mi)
S from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 2.8 3 days later
Mar 17, 2024 03:56 (Podgorica Time)
6 km (4 mi)
NNW from Main Shock.
Detected MAG2.5+ earthquakes within within 100km (62 mi), that occurred in the three days before and after the main shock.

More earthquakes coming?

Aftershocks are usually at least 1 order of magnitude less strong than main shocks. The more time passes, the smaller the chance and likely strength of any potential aftershocks.

In only six percent of cases, significant earthquakes are followed by a larger main shock, making the current earthquake a foreshock. While the chance of this happening is not so large, it is adviced to maintain cautiousness in the hours and days following a major earthquake.

Read: How to Stay Safe during an Earthquake (cdc.gov).

Earthquakes like this are common in the region

Earthquakes of this strength occur quite regularly in the region. This is the strongest earthquake to hit since April 22nd, 2022, when a 5.7 magnitude earthquake hit 44 km (27 mi) further west-northwest. An even stronger magnitude 6.4 earthquake struck on November 26th, 2019.

In total, 5 earthquakes with a magnitude of 5.4 or higher have been registered within 300km (186 mi) of this epicenter in the past 10 years. This comes down to an average of once every 2 years.

Tsunami very unlikely

DISCLAIMER: We strongly suggest to closely monitor advice from local authorities with regards to tsunami risks. Our analysis is based on automatically collected data from external sources, and these might contain mistakes. In addition, earthquakes can cause landslides that may lead to a tsunami, or be a followed by another, potentially stonger, earthquake.

While MAG-6.5+ earthquakes may cause tsunami's, it appears that the epicenter of this earthquake hit under land. In addition, the reported depth is deeper than 100km, making the risk of a tsunami even less likely. However always stay cautious and monitor advice from local authorities.

Tsunami Risk Factors

Factor Under Sea? MAG-6.5 or stronger? Shallow depth?
Explanation Almost all tsunami's are caused by earthquakes with their epicenter under sea or very near the sea. However stay cautious in coastal areas as earthquakes on land may cause landslides into sea, potentially still causing a local tsunami. Under MAG 6.5: Very unlikely to cause a tsunami.
MAG 6.5 to 7.5: Destructive tsunami's do occur, but are uncommon. Likely to observe small sea level changes.
MAG 7.6+: Earthquakes with these magnitudes might produce destructive tsunami's.
Most destructive tsunami's are caused by shallow earthquakes with a depth between 0 and 100km under the surface of the earth. Deeper tsunami's are unlikely to displace to ocean floor.
This Earthquake Not this earthquake.
This earthquake appears to have struck on land far from any coast.
Not this earthquake.
This earthquake had a magnitude of 5.4. Earthquakes of this strength are unlikely to trigger a tsunami.
This earthquake occurred at a depth of of 17 km (11 mi). Earthquakes this shallow could trigger a tsunami.

Sources

Last updated 16/04/24 07:38 (). As more information on this earthquake becomes available this article will be updated. This article is automatically composed based on data originating from multiple sources.

  1. US Geographic Society (USGS): Earthquake us6000mirj
  2. European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre (EMSC): Earthquake 20240314_0000026
  3. Geonames.org: World Cities Database
  4. Google Maps: Static API
  5. Earthquakelist.org: Historic Earthquakes Database

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