Written by on . Last updated March 3rd, 2024.

In the night of Monday February 12th, 2024, a shallow Magnitude 4.6 aftershock hit under land 1 miles from El Centro in The United States. Roughly 7.3 million people may have felt this earthquake. Mexico is also near its epicenter.

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Earthquake Summary

The earthquake struck on land in The United States, 1 miles (1 km) north-northwest of El Centro in California. The center of this earthquake had a very shallow depth of 10 km. Shallow earthquakes usually have a larger impact than earthquakes deep in the earth.

Date and Time: Feb 12, 2024 12:42AM (Los Angeles Time)
- Feb 12, 2024 08:42 Universal Time.
Location: 1 mi NNW of El Centro, California, The United States.
Coordinates 32°47'59"N 115°33'56"W.
Map: Map of area around epicenter.
Map of area around epicenter. Click to open in Google Maps.
Magnitude: MAG 4.6
Detected by 3 stations. Maximum Error Range ±0.5 .
Depth: 10 mi (16 km)
A very shallow depth.
Max. Intensity:
VI
Strong

On the Modified Mercalli Scale.
Tsunami Risk: Tsunami very unlikely
While this was a shallow earthquake, it appears to have occurred under land with a magnitude not strong enough to cause tsunami's.
Always stay cautious - More info here.

Minimal impact predicted

Based on scientific estimates by the US Geographic Survey (USGS), the risk of high fatalities for this earthquake is classified at level GREEN (low). They expect an 65% likelyhood of between 0 and 1 fatalities, and a 96% chance that the number of fatalities falls no higher than 10.

The USGS classifies the economic impact of this earthquake at level GREEN (low). They expect an 98% likelyhood of between 0 and 1 million US Dollars in economic damage and impact.

Roughly 7.3 million people exposed to shaking

This earthquake may have been felt by around 7.3 million people. That is the expected population size of the area exposed to a level of shaking of II or higher on the Modified Mercalli scale according to the USGS.

Strong shaking and probably light damage may have been experienced by an estimated 24,470 people. At VI, it is the highest MMI level this earthquake has caused. Intensity level II was experienced by a large group of people (around 5.6 million). In their region, very weak shaking and no damage can be expected. All exposure to shaking was within the borders of Mexico .

People MMI Level Shaking Damage
5,052,000
I
Not noticable None
5,599,000
II
Very weak None
657,300
III
Weak Probably none
912,600
IV
Light Likely none
62,350
V
Moderate Very light
24,470
VI
Strong Light
0
VII
Very Strong Moderate
0
VIII
Severe Moderate to heavy
0
IX
Violent Heavy
0
X
Extreme Very heavy

Nearby towns and cities

2 countries can be found within 300km of the epicenter of this earthquake: The United States and Mexico .

The closest significant population center near the earthquake is El Centro in California, The United States. El Centro is located 1 miles (1 km) north-northwest of the epicenter. The intensity of shaking and damage in El Centro is estimated to be around level V on the Modified Mercalli Intensity scale (moderate shaking, very light damage).

Major cities near this earthquake: Mexicali is located 22 km to the south-southeast and experienced an intensity of IV (light shaking, likely no damage). Los Angeles is located 177 mi to the west-northwest (intensity unknown, possibly low). Tijuana is located 139 km to the west-southwest and experienced an intensity of II (very weak shaking, no damage).

An overview of nearby towns and cities is available in the overview below. If places don't have intensity data available, it likely means the experienced impact in those places was fairly small.

Overview of nearby places

Distance Place Intensity (MMI)
1 mi (1 km)
SSE from epicenter
El Centro

California, The United States.
V
Moderate
3 mi (5 km)
N from epicenter
Imperial

California, The United States.
V
Moderate
9 mi (15 km)
SSE from epicenter
Calexico

California, The United States.
IV
Light
19 km (12 mi)
S from epicenter
Santa Isabel

Baja California, Mexico.
IV
Light
12 mi (20 km)
N from epicenter
Brawley

California, The United States.
IV
Light
22 km (14 mi)
SSE from epicenter
Mexicali

Baja California, Mexico.
IV
Light
33 km (21 mi)
SE from epicenter
Puebla

Baja California, Mexico.
IV
Light
71 km (44 mi)
SE from epicenter
Guadalupe Victoria

Baja California, Mexico.
III
Weak
50 mi (81 km)
ESE from epicenter
San Luis

Arizona, The United States.
III
Weak
52 mi (83 km)
ESE from epicenter
Somerton

Arizona, The United States.
III
Weak
84 km (52 mi)
ESE from epicenter
San Luis Río Colorado

Sonora, Mexico.
III
Weak
55 mi (88 km)
E from epicenter
Yuma

Arizona, The United States.
III
Weak
102 km (63 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Tecate

Baja California, Mexico.
II
Weak
68 mi (109 km)
E from epicenter
Fortuna Foothills

Arizona, The United States.
II
Weak
70 mi (113 km)
NNW from epicenter
Coachella

California, The United States.
II
Weak
73 mi (118 km)
NW from epicenter
La Quinta

California, The United States.
II
Weak
74 mi (119 km)
NNW from epicenter
Indio

California, The United States.
II
Weak
79 mi (127 km)
NW from epicenter
Palm Desert

California, The United States.
II
Weak
81 mi (131 km)
W from epicenter
El Cajon

California, The United States.
II
Weak
82 mi (132 km)
W from epicenter
Santee

California, The United States.
II
Weak
85 mi (136 km)
W from epicenter
La Mesa

California, The United States.
II
Weak
85 mi (137 km)
NW from epicenter
Cathedral City

California, The United States.
II
Weak
86 mi (138 km)
W from epicenter
Poway

California, The United States.
II
Weak
139 km (86 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Tijuana

Baja California, Mexico.
II
Weak
142 km (88 mi)
SW from epicenter
Ensenada

Baja California, Mexico.
II
Weak
89 mi (143 km)
W from epicenter
Chula Vista

California, The United States.
III
Weak
89 mi (144 km)
W from epicenter
National City

California, The United States.
II
Weak
91 mi (146 km)
WNW from epicenter
Escondido

California, The United States.
II
Weak
91 mi (146 km)
W from epicenter
Rancho Penasquitos

California, The United States.
II
Weak
91 mi (146 km)
NW from epicenter
Palm Springs

California, The United States.
II
Weak
147 km (91 mi)
WSW from epicenter
Rosarito

Baja California, Mexico.
II
Weak
92 mi (148 km)
W from epicenter
Mira Mesa

California, The United States.
II
Weak
93 mi (150 km)
W from epicenter
San Diego

California, The United States.
II
Weak
96 mi (154 km)
WNW from epicenter
San Marcos

California, The United States.
II
Weak
101 mi (163 km)
W from epicenter
Encinitas

California, The United States.
II
Weak
101 mi (163 km)
WNW from epicenter
Vista

California, The United States.
I
Not felt
103 mi (166 km)
WNW from epicenter
Temecula

California, The United States.
I
Not felt
104 mi (168 km)
NW from epicenter
Hemet

California, The United States.
II
Weak
106 mi (171 km)
WNW from epicenter
Carlsbad

California, The United States.
II
Weak
109 mi (175 km)
WNW from epicenter
Murrieta

California, The United States.
II
Weak
109 mi (175 km)
WNW from epicenter
Oceanside

California, The United States.
I
Not felt
112 mi (180 km)
NW from epicenter
Menifee

California, The United States.
I
Not felt
117 mi (189 km)
NW from epicenter
Perris

California, The United States.
I
Not felt
124 mi (200 km)
NW from epicenter
Moreno Valley

California, The United States.
I
Not felt
132 mi (213 km)
NW from epicenter
Riverside

California, The United States.
I
Not felt
134 mi (216 km)
NW from epicenter
San Bernardino

California, The United States.
I
Not felt
144 mi (231 km)
WNW from epicenter
Irvine

California, The United States.
148 mi (238 km)
WNW from epicenter
Santa Ana

California, The United States.
153 mi (247 km)
WNW from epicenter
Anaheim

California, The United States.
166 mi (267 km)
WNW from epicenter
Long Beach

California, The United States.
177 mi (285 km)
WNW from epicenter
Los Angeles

California, The United States.
Cities and Towns around the epicenter of this earthquake.

Earthquake Intensity Map

The graph below overlays a map of the region around the epicenter with earthquake intensity data provided by the US Geographic Survey. The highest intensity level detected for this earthquake is V.

I Not felt
II Weak
III Weak
IV Light
V Moderate
VI Strong
VII Very Strong
VIII Severe
IX Violent
X Extreme
Earthquake Intensity Map based on Shakemap Data provided by USGS.

Shaking reported by 4 people

People that feel an earthquake may report their experience to the US Geographic Survey. Currently, 4 people have reported shaking in 3 places, all within Mexico.We keep updating this article as more ground reports become available. You may report that you felt this earthquake here.

Places with most reports:

  • Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico: 2 people.
  • Mexicali, Baja California, Mexico: 1 person.
  • Puebla, Baja California, Mexico: 1 person.

This is likely an aftershock

Approximately 6 mins before this earthquake hit, a larger 4.8 magnitude earthquake struck 1.1 mi (1.7 km) north-northwest of this one. For that reason, we classify the Mag. 4.6 earthquake as an aftershock.

Overview of foreshocks and aftershocks

Classification Magnitude When Where
Foreshock M 3.2 2 days earlier
Feb 10, 2024 01:49AM (Los Angeles Time)
52 mi (84 km)
SSE from Main Shock.
Foreshock M 2.8 1 day earlier
Feb 10, 2024 05:10PM (Los Angeles Time)
17 mi (27 km)
N from Main Shock.
Foreshock M 2.9 1 day earlier
Feb 10, 2024 05:11PM (Los Angeles Time)
17 mi (28 km)
N from Main Shock.
Foreshock M 2.6 1 day earlier
Feb 10, 2024 05:49PM (Los Angeles Time)
25 mi (40 km)
N from Main Shock.
Foreshock M 2.7 1 day earlier
Feb 10, 2024 05:49PM (Los Angeles Time)
32 mi (52 km)
NNW from Main Shock.
Main Shock M 4.8 Feb 12, 2024 12:36AM
(Los Angeles Time)
-
Aftershock M 3.6 1 min later
Feb 12, 2024 12:37AM (Los Angeles Time)
0.7 mi (1.1 km)
SE from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 3.5 2 mins later
Feb 12, 2024 12:38AM (Los Angeles Time)
0.9 mi (1.4 km)
WNW from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 3.6 2 mins later
Feb 12, 2024 12:38AM (Los Angeles Time)
0.5 mi (0.8 km)
SW from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 4.1 2 mins later
Feb 12, 2024 12:38AM (Los Angeles Time)
0.8 mi (1.3 km)
WNW from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 3.3 3 mins later
Feb 12, 2024 12:39AM (Los Angeles Time)
1.7 mi (2.7 km)
SSE from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 2.9 4 mins later
Feb 12, 2024 12:40AM (Los Angeles Time)
1.7 mi (2.7 km)
SSE from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 2.9 5 mins later
Feb 12, 2024 12:41AM (Los Angeles Time)
0.3 mi (0.5 km)
NW from Main Shock.
Aftershock
This Earthquake
M 4.6 6 mins later
Feb 12, 2024 12:42AM (Los Angeles Time)
1.1 mi (1.7 km)
SSE from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 3.4 7 mins later
Feb 12, 2024 12:43AM (Los Angeles Time)
2.1 mi (3 km)
SSE from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 2.5 9 mins later
Feb 12, 2024 12:45AM (Los Angeles Time)
1.3 mi (2.1 km)
SE from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 2.5 9 mins later
Feb 12, 2024 12:45AM (Los Angeles Time)
2 mi (3 km)
NNW from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 3.9 23 mins later
Feb 12, 2024 12:59AM (Los Angeles Time)
1.5 mi (2.4 km)
SSE from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 2.7 25 mins later
Feb 12, 2024 01:01AM (Los Angeles Time)
1.6 mi (2.6 km)
N from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 2.8 54 mins later
Feb 12, 2024 01:30AM (Los Angeles Time)
0.9 mi (1.5 km)
S from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 3.7 2 hrs later
Feb 12, 2024 02:18AM (Los Angeles Time)
2.2 mi (4 km)
SE from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 3.7 2 hrs later
Feb 12, 2024 02:18AM (Los Angeles Time)
3 mi (5 km)
SE from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 2.6 2 hrs later
Feb 12, 2024 02:25AM (Los Angeles Time)
0.9 mi (1.5 km)
WNW from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 2.8 3 hrs later
Feb 12, 2024 03:33AM (Los Angeles Time)
0.3 mi (0.5 km)
S from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 3.3 5 hrs later
Feb 12, 2024 06:04AM (Los Angeles Time)
2.4 mi (4 km)
SSE from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 2.6 5 hrs later
Feb 12, 2024 06:04AM (Los Angeles Time)
1.9 mi (3 km)
SE from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 3.5 6 hrs later
Feb 12, 2024 06:15AM (Los Angeles Time)
2.4 mi (4 km)
SSE from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 2.5 6 hrs later
Feb 12, 2024 06:30AM (Los Angeles Time)
2.8 mi (5 km)
SSE from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 2.6 6 hrs later
Feb 12, 2024 06:34AM (Los Angeles Time)
2.7 mi (4 km)
SSE from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 2.8 6 hrs later
Feb 12, 2024 06:42AM (Los Angeles Time)
0.4 mi (0.6 km)
SW from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 2.7 6 hrs later
Feb 12, 2024 06:43AM (Los Angeles Time)
0.9 mi (1.5 km)
NW from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 2.6 6 hrs later
Feb 12, 2024 06:46AM (Los Angeles Time)
3 mi (5 km)
SSE from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 2.6 6 hrs later
Feb 12, 2024 07:03AM (Los Angeles Time)
0.4 mi (0.6 km)
W from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 2.6 9 hrs later
Feb 12, 2024 09:36AM (Los Angeles Time)
2.5 mi (4 km)
SSE from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 2.5 2 days later
Feb 13, 2024 11:49PM (Los Angeles Time)
22 mi (35 km)
N from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 4.0 2 days later
Feb 13, 2024 11:53PM (Los Angeles Time)
22 mi (35 km)
N from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 2.6 2 days later
Feb 13, 2024 11:56PM (Los Angeles Time)
22 mi (36 km)
N from Main Shock.
Detected MAG2.5+ earthquakes within within 100km (62 mi), that occurred in the three days before and after the main shock.

More earthquakes coming?

The risk of aftershocks decreases rapidly over time. Usually, aftershocks are at least one order of magnitude lower than a main shock.

It's always adviced to be cautious of the risk of a larger shock following any significant earthquake, however this risk is fairly small. There is a roughly 94 percent change that no larger main shock will follow in the days following this earthquake.

Read: How to Stay Safe during an Earthquake (cdc.gov).

Earthquakes like this happen often in the region

Earthquakes of this strength are very common in the region. In total, 22 earthquakes with a magnitude of 4.6 or higher have been registered within 300km (186 mi) of this epicenter in the past 10 years. This comes down to an average of once every 6 months.

Tsunami very unlikely

DISCLAIMER: We strongly suggest to closely monitor advice from local authorities with regards to tsunami risks. Our analysis is based on automatically collected data from external sources, and these might contain mistakes. In addition, earthquakes can cause landslides that may lead to a tsunami, or be a followed by another, potentially stonger, earthquake.

While MAG-6.5+ earthquakes may cause tsunami's, it appears that the epicenter of this earthquake hit under land. In addition, the reported depth is deeper than 100km, making the risk of a tsunami even less likely. However always stay cautious and monitor advice from local authorities.

Tsunami Risk Factors

Factor Under Sea? MAG-6.5 or stronger? Shallow depth?
Explanation Almost all tsunami's are caused by earthquakes with their epicenter under sea or very near the sea. However stay cautious in coastal areas as earthquakes on land may cause landslides into sea, potentially still causing a local tsunami. Under MAG 6.5: Very unlikely to cause a tsunami.
MAG 6.5 to 7.5: Destructive tsunami's do occur, but are uncommon. Likely to observe small sea level changes.
MAG 7.6+: Earthquakes with these magnitudes might produce destructive tsunami's.
Most destructive tsunami's are caused by shallow earthquakes with a depth between 0 and 100km under the surface of the earth. Deeper tsunami's are unlikely to displace to ocean floor.
This Earthquake Not this earthquake.
This earthquake appears to have struck on land far from any coast.
Not this earthquake.
This earthquake had a magnitude of 4.6. Earthquakes of this strength are unlikely to trigger a tsunami.
This earthquake occurred at a depth of of 10 mi (16 km). Earthquakes this shallow could trigger a tsunami.

Sources

Last updated 03/03/24 01:18 (). As more information on this earthquake becomes available this article will be updated. This article is automatically composed based on data originating from multiple sources.

  1. US Geographic Society (USGS): Earthquake ci40666368
  2. European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre (EMSC): Earthquake 20240212_0000109
  3. Geonames.org: World Cities Database
  4. Google Maps: Static API
  5. Earthquakelist.org: Historic Earthquakes Database

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