Written by on . Last updated March 3rd, 2024.

A shallow and significant M5.0 earthquake struck in the South Pacific Ocean 280 kilometer from Arequipa, Peru in the late afternoon of Friday February 9th, 2024.

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Earthquake Summary

This earthquake hit under water in the South Pacific Ocean, 179 kilometers (111 mi) off the coast of Peru, 280 kilometer southwest of Arequipa. The center of this earthquake had a quite shallow depth of 26 km. Shallow earthquakes usually have a larger impact than earthquakes deep in the earth.

Date and Time: Feb 9, 2024 17:17 (Lima Time)
- Feb 9, 2024 22:17 Universal Time.
Location: 280 km SW of Arequipa, Peru.
Coordinates 18°5'21"S 73°29'5"W.
Map: Map of area around epicenter.
Map of area around epicenter. Click to open in Google Maps.
Magnitude: MAG 5.0
Detected by 327 stations. Maximum Error Range ±0.031 .
Depth: 26 km (16 mi)
A quite shallow depth.
Tsunami Risk: Low tsunami risk
Earthquakes under MAG-6.5 do not usually cause tsunami's.
Always stay cautious - More info here.

Nearby towns and cities

This earthquake may have been felt in Peru . The closest significant population center near the earthquake is Camaná in Arequipa, Peru. Camaná is located 182 kilometer (113 mi) south-southwest of the epicenter.

A complete list of nearby places is included below.

Overview of nearby places

Distance Place
182 km (113 mi)
NNE from epicenter

Arequipa, Peru.
196 km (122 mi)
NE from epicenter

Arequipa, Peru.
233 km (145 mi)
ENE from epicenter

Moquegua, Peru.
236 km (147 mi)
NE from epicenter
El Pedregal

Arequipa, Peru.
275 km (171 mi)
NE from epicenter
Jacobo Hunter

Arequipa, Peru.
278 km (173 mi)
NE from epicenter
Ciudad Satelite

Arequipa, Peru.
280 km (174 mi)
NE from epicenter

Arequipa, Peru.
282 km (175 mi)
NE from epicenter
Selva Alegre

Arequipa, Peru.
282 km (175 mi)
NE from epicenter
Cono Norte

Arequipa, Peru.
288 km (179 mi)
ENE from epicenter

Moquegua, Peru.
288 km (179 mi)
ENE from epicenter
San Antonio

Moquegua, Peru.
Cities and Towns around the epicenter of this earthquake.

Risk of aftershocks?

This earthquake did not have any significant foreshocks nor aftershocks occurring within 100km (62 mi) of its epicenter.

Aftershocks are usually at least 1 order of magnitude less strong than main shocks. The more time passes, the smaller the chance and likely strength of any potential aftershocks.

It's always adviced to be cautious of the risk of a larger shock following any significant earthquake, however this risk is fairly small. There is a roughly 94 percent change that no larger main shock will follow in the days following this earthquake.

Read: How to Stay Safe during an Earthquake (cdc.gov).

Earthquakes like this happen often in the region

Earthquakes of this strength are very common in the region. This is the strongest earthquake to hit since January 12th, 2024, when a 5.3 magnitude earthquake hit 156 km (97 mi) further north-east. An even stronger magnitude 7.1 earthquake struck on January 14th, 2018.

In total, 56 earthquakes with a magnitude of 5 or higher have been registered within 300km (186 mi) of this epicenter in the past 10 years. This comes down to an average of once every 2 months.

Low tsunami risk

DISCLAIMER: We strongly suggest to closely monitor advice from local authorities with regards to tsunami risks. Our analysis is based on automatically collected data from external sources, and these might contain mistakes. In addition, earthquakes can cause landslides that may lead to a tsunami, or be a followed by another, potentially stonger, earthquake.

Based on early data it appears this earthquake was not strong enough (lower than MAG-6.5) to be likely to cause destructive tsunami's. However this earthquake appeared to have hit at a shallow depth under sea, so stay cautious and monitor advice from local authorities.

Tsunami Risk Factors

Factor Under Sea? MAG-6.5 or stronger? Shallow depth?
Explanation Almost all tsunami's are caused by earthquakes with their epicenter under sea or very near the sea. However stay cautious in coastal areas as earthquakes on land may cause landslides into sea, potentially still causing a local tsunami. Under MAG 6.5: Very unlikely to cause a tsunami.
MAG 6.5 to 7.5: Destructive tsunami's do occur, but are uncommon. Likely to observe small sea level changes.
MAG 7.6+: Earthquakes with these magnitudes might produce destructive tsunami's.
Most destructive tsunami's are caused by shallow earthquakes with a depth between 0 and 100km under the surface of the earth. Deeper tsunami's are unlikely to displace to ocean floor.
This Earthquake This earthquake appears to have struck under the sea. Not this earthquake.
This earthquake had a magnitude of 5. Earthquakes of this strength are unlikely to trigger a tsunami.
This earthquake occurred at a depth of of 26 km (16 mi). Earthquakes this shallow could trigger a tsunami.


Last updated 03/03/24 01:18 (). This article contains currently available information about the earthquake and is automatically composed. We continue to update this article up to a few days after the earthquake occurred.

  1. US Geographic Society (USGS): Earthquake us7000ly4u
  2. European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre (EMSC): Earthquake 20240209_0000383
  3. Geonames.org: World Cities Database
  4. Google Maps: Static API
  5. Earthquakelist.org: Historic Earthquakes Database

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