Written by on . Last updated March 3rd, 2024.

Under land 114 kilometer from Melbourne in Australia, a shallow Magnitude 4.5 earthquake occurred in the night of Friday February 9th, 2024.

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Earthquake Summary

The earthquake struck on land in Australia, 114 kilometer (71 mi) south-east of Melbourne in Victoria. The center of this earthquake had a very shallow depth of 10 km. Shallow earthquakes usually have a larger impact than earthquakes deep in the earth.

Date and Time: Feb 9, 2024 00:49 (Melbourne Time)
- Feb 8, 2024 13:49 Universal Time.
Location: 114 km SE of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
Coordinates 38°29'12"S 145°57'0"E.
Map: Map of area around epicenter.
Map of area around epicenter. Click to open in Google Maps.
Magnitude: MAG 4.5
Detected by 8 stations. Maximum Error Range ±0.192 .
Depth: 10 km (6 mi)
A very shallow depth.
Tsunami Risk: Tsunami very unlikely
While this was a shallow earthquake in a coastal area, it appears to have occurred under land (21 km from the sea) with a magnitude that is usually not strong enough to cause tsunami's.
Always stay cautious - More info here.

Nearby towns and cities

This earthquake may have been felt in Australia . The closest significant population center near the earthquake is Warragul in Victoria, Australia. Warragul is located 36 kilometer (22 mi) south of the epicenter.

Multiple major population centers exist within 300km of the earthquake that struck today. Melbourne is located 114 km to the northwest. Geelong is located 144 km to the west-northwest. Bendigo is located 242 km to the northwest.

A complete list of nearby places is included below.

Overview of nearby places

Distance Place
36 km (22 mi)
N from epicenter
Warragul

Victoria, Australia.
61 km (38 mi)
ENE from epicenter
Traralgon

Victoria, Australia.
62 km (39 mi)
NW from epicenter
Pakenham

Victoria, Australia.
70 km (43 mi)
NW from epicenter
Cranbourne East

Victoria, Australia.
71 km (44 mi)
NW from epicenter
Cranbourne

Victoria, Australia.
73 km (45 mi)
NW from epicenter
Berwick

Victoria, Australia.
73 km (45 mi)
NW from epicenter
Cranbourne North

Victoria, Australia.
76 km (47 mi)
NW from epicenter
Narre Warren South

Victoria, Australia.
76 km (47 mi)
NW from epicenter
Narre Warren

Victoria, Australia.
77 km (48 mi)
WNW from epicenter
Langwarrin

Victoria, Australia.
79 km (49 mi)
NW from epicenter
Hampton Park

Victoria, Australia.
79 km (49 mi)
WNW from epicenter
Frankston South

Victoria, Australia.
80 km (50 mi)
WNW from epicenter
Carrum Downs

Victoria, Australia.
81 km (50 mi)
WNW from epicenter
Frankston East

Victoria, Australia.
82 km (51 mi)
WNW from epicenter
Frankston

Victoria, Australia.
83 km (52 mi)
WNW from epicenter
Mount Eliza

Victoria, Australia.
83 km (52 mi)
WNW from epicenter
Seaford

Victoria, Australia.
83 km (52 mi)
NW from epicenter
Endeavour Hills

Victoria, Australia.
85 km (53 mi)
WNW from epicenter
Mount Martha

Victoria, Australia.
85 km (53 mi)
WNW from epicenter
Mornington

Victoria, Australia.
86 km (53 mi)
NW from epicenter
Dandenong

Victoria, Australia.
87 km (54 mi)
NW from epicenter
Keysborough

Victoria, Australia.
87 km (54 mi)
NW from epicenter
Dandenong North

Victoria, Australia.
88 km (55 mi)
NW from epicenter
Ferntree Gully

Victoria, Australia.
88 km (55 mi)
NW from epicenter
Rowville

Victoria, Australia.
90 km (56 mi)
NW from epicenter
Noble Park

Victoria, Australia.
90 km (56 mi)
NW from epicenter
Boronia

Victoria, Australia.
92 km (57 mi)
NW from epicenter
Mulgrave

Victoria, Australia.
92 km (57 mi)
NW from epicenter
Springvale

Victoria, Australia.
93 km (58 mi)
NW from epicenter
Wantirna South

Victoria, Australia.
94 km (58 mi)
NW from epicenter
Wheelers Hill

Victoria, Australia.
96 km (60 mi)
NW from epicenter
Croydon

Victoria, Australia.
96 km (60 mi)
NW from epicenter
Mooroolbark

Victoria, Australia.
96 km (60 mi)
NW from epicenter
Glen Waverley

Victoria, Australia.
97 km (60 mi)
NW from epicenter
Ringwood

Victoria, Australia.
97 km (60 mi)
NNW from epicenter
Lilydale

Victoria, Australia.
97 km (60 mi)
NW from epicenter
Clayton

Victoria, Australia.
98 km (61 mi)
NW from epicenter
Cheltenham

Victoria, Australia.
99 km (62 mi)
NW from epicenter
Mitcham

Victoria, Australia.
99 km (62 mi)
NW from epicenter
Mount Waverley

Victoria, Australia.
101 km (63 mi)
NW from epicenter
Bentleigh East

Victoria, Australia.
105 km (65 mi)
NW from epicenter
Doncaster East

Victoria, Australia.
114 km (71 mi)
NW from epicenter
Melbourne

Victoria, Australia.
114 km (71 mi)
NW from epicenter
Melbourne City Centre

Victoria, Australia.
116 km (72 mi)
NW from epicenter
Preston

Victoria, Australia.
119 km (74 mi)
NW from epicenter
Reservoir

Victoria, Australia.
123 km (76 mi)
WNW from epicenter
Point Cook

Victoria, Australia.
128 km (80 mi)
WNW from epicenter
Hoppers Crossing

Victoria, Australia.
130 km (81 mi)
WNW from epicenter
Werribee

Victoria, Australia.
132 km (82 mi)
NW from epicenter
Craigieburn

Victoria, Australia.
144 km (89 mi)
WNW from epicenter
Geelong

Victoria, Australia.
286 km (178 mi)
S from epicenter
Burnie

Tasmania, Australia.
Cities and Towns around the epicenter of this earthquake.

Shaking reported by 438 people

People that feel an earthquake may report their experience to the US Geographic Survey. Currently, 438 people have reported shaking in 19 places, all within Australia.We keep updating this article as more ground reports become available. You may report that you felt this earthquake here.

Places with most reports:

  • Melbourne, Victoria, Australia: 144 people.
  • Wonthaggi, Victoria, Australia: 95 people.
  • Pakenham, Victoria, Australia: 53 people.
  • Cranbourne, Victoria, Australia: 37 people.
  • Warragul, Victoria, Australia: 24 people.
  • Healesville, Victoria, Australia: 20 people.
  • Somerville, Victoria, Australia: 15 people.
  • Moe-Yallourn, Victoria, Australia: 11 people.
  • Hastings, Victoria, Australia: 10 people.
  • Craigieburn, Victoria, Australia: 8 people.

Aftershocks detected

After this earthquake struck, 1 smaller aftershock occurred. A 3 magnitude earthquake hit 2 days later 7 km (4 mi) south-east of this earthquake.

This main shock was prefaced by 1 smaller foreshock. A 3.3 magnitude earthquake hit 3 days earlier nearby.

Overview of foreshocks and aftershocks

Classification Magnitude When Where
Foreshock M 3.3 3 days earlier
Feb 6, 2024 12:15 (Melbourne Time)
26 km (16 mi)
ESE from Main Shock.
Main Shock
This Earthquake
M 4.5 Feb 9, 2024 00:49
(Melbourne Time)
-
Aftershock M 3.0 2 days later
Feb 11, 2024 01:54 (Melbourne Time)
7 km (4 mi)
SE from Main Shock.
Detected MAG2.5+ earthquakes within within 100km (62 mi), that occurred in the three days before and after the main shock.

More earthquakes coming?

The risk of aftershocks decreases rapidly over time. Usually, aftershocks are at least one order of magnitude lower than a main shock.

The chance that a significant earthquake like this one is followed by an even larger earthquake is not so large. On average, scientists estimate a 94% chance that a major earthquake will not be followed by an even larger one. It is still adviced to be aware of this risk

Read: How to Stay Safe during an Earthquake (cdc.gov).

This is an unusually powerful earthquake

Earthquakes of this strength are not so common in the region, but it's not the first time. This is the strongest earthquake to hit since October 21st, 2023, when a 4.8 magnitude earthquake hit 214 km (133 mi) further west. An even stronger magnitude 5.9 earthquake struck on September 21st, 2021.

In total, 2 earthquakes with a magnitude of 4.5 or higher have been registered within 300km (186 mi) of this epicenter in the past 10 years. This comes down to an average of once every 5 years.

Tsunami very unlikely

DISCLAIMER: We strongly suggest to closely monitor advice from local authorities with regards to tsunami risks. Our analysis is based on automatically collected data from external sources, and these might contain mistakes. In addition, earthquakes can cause landslides that may lead to a tsunami, or be a followed by another, potentially stonger, earthquake.

While MAG-6.5+ earthquakes may cause tsunami's, it appears that the epicenter of this earthquake hit under land. In addition, the reported depth is deeper than 100km, making the risk of a tsunami even less likely. However always stay cautious and monitor advice from local authorities.

Tsunami Risk Factors

Factor Under Sea? MAG-6.5 or stronger? Shallow depth?
Explanation Almost all tsunami's are caused by earthquakes with their epicenter under sea or very near the sea. However stay cautious in coastal areas as earthquakes on land may cause landslides into sea, potentially still causing a local tsunami. Under MAG 6.5: Very unlikely to cause a tsunami.
MAG 6.5 to 7.5: Destructive tsunami's do occur, but are uncommon. Likely to observe small sea level changes.
MAG 7.6+: Earthquakes with these magnitudes might produce destructive tsunami's.
Most destructive tsunami's are caused by shallow earthquakes with a depth between 0 and 100km under the surface of the earth. Deeper tsunami's are unlikely to displace to ocean floor.
This Earthquake This earthquake appears to have struck on land near a coastal area (21 km from the sea). Not this earthquake.
This earthquake had a magnitude of 4.5. Earthquakes of this strength are unlikely to trigger a tsunami.
This earthquake occurred at a depth of of 10 km (6 mi). Earthquakes this shallow could trigger a tsunami.

Sources

Last updated 03/03/24 16:58 (). This article contains currently available information about the earthquake and is automatically composed. We continue to update this article up to a few days after the earthquake occurred.

  1. US Geographic Society (USGS): Earthquake us7000lxqx
  2. European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre (EMSC): Earthquake 20240208_0000161
  3. Geonames.org: World Cities Database
  4. Google Maps: Static API
  5. Earthquakelist.org: Historic Earthquakes Database

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