Written by on . Last updated March 3rd, 2024.

A shallow MAG-4.3 earthquake struck under land 4 miles from Edmond in The United States in the evening of Friday January 12th, 2024. Roughly 4 million people may have felt this earthquake.

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Earthquake Summary

The earthquake struck on land in The United States, 4 miles (7 km) east-northeast of Edmond in Oklahoma. The center of this earthquake had a very shallow depth of 4 km. Shallow earthquakes usually have a larger impact than earthquakes deep in the earth.

Date and Time: Jan 12, 2024 09:46PM (Chicago Time)
- Jan 13, 2024 03:46 Universal Time.
Location: 4 mi ENE of Edmond, Oklahoma, The United States.
Coordinates 35°39'57"N 97°23'53"W.
Map: Map of area around epicenter.
Map of area around epicenter. Click to open in Google Maps.
Magnitude: MAG 4.3
Detected by 79 stations. Maximum Error Range ±0.035 .
Depth: 4 mi (7 km)
A very shallow depth.
Max. Intensity:
VI
Strong

On the Modified Mercalli Scale.
Tsunami Risk: Tsunami very unlikely
While this was a shallow earthquake, it appears to have occurred under land with a magnitude not strong enough to cause tsunami's.
Always stay cautious - More info here.

Minimal impact predicted

Based on scientific estimates by the US Geographic Survey (USGS), the risk of high fatalities for this earthquake is classified at level GREEN (low). They expect an 69% likelyhood of between 0 and 1 fatalities, and a 98% chance that the number of fatalities falls no higher than 10.

The USGS classifies the economic impact of this earthquake at level GREEN (low). They expect an 65% likelyhood of between 0 and 1 million US Dollars in economic damage and impact, and a 96% chance that the economic impact of this earthquake falls no higher than 10 million USD.

Roughly 4 million people exposed to shaking

This earthquake may have been felt by around 4 million people. That is the expected population size of the area exposed to a level of shaking of II or higher on the Modified Mercalli scale according to the USGS.

Moderate shaking and very light damage may have been experienced by an estimated 17,760 people. At V, it is the highest MMI level this earthquake has caused. Intensity level III was experienced by the majority of people (around 3.7 million). In their region, weak shaking and probably no damage can be expected.

People MMI Level Shaking Damage
0
I
Not noticable None
16,870
II
Very weak None
3,661,000
III
Weak Probably none
319,300
IV
Light Likely none
17,760
V
Moderate Very light
0
VI
Strong Light
0
VII
Very Strong Moderate
0
VIII
Severe Moderate to heavy
0
IX
Violent Heavy
0
X
Extreme Very heavy

Nearby towns and cities

This earthquake may have been felt in The United States . Edmond in Oklahoma, The United States is the nearest significant place from the epicenter. The earthquake occurred 4 miles (7 km) east-northeast of Edmond. The intensity of shaking and damage in Edmond is estimated to be around level IV on the Modified Mercalli Intensity scale (light shaking, likely no damage).

Major cities near this earthquake: Oklahoma City is located 16 mi to the south-southwest and experienced an intensity of III (weak shaking, probably no damage). Tulsa is located 86 mi to the east-northeast and experienced an intensity of III (weak shaking, probably no damage). Norman is located 30 mi to the south and experienced an intensity of III (weak shaking, probably no damage).

The table below provides an overview of all places in proximity of today's earthquake. Where available, the estimated intensity on the Modified Mercalli Intensity Scale in each place is included. Places where this information is omitted likely experienced little impact.

Overview of nearby places

Distance Place Intensity (MMI)
4 mi (7 km)
WSW from epicenter
Edmond

Oklahoma, The United States.
IV
Light
15 mi (24 km)
S from epicenter
Midwest City

Oklahoma, The United States.
III
Weak
16 mi (25 km)
SSW from epicenter
Oklahoma City

Oklahoma, The United States.
III
Weak
16 mi (25 km)
S from epicenter
Del City

Oklahoma, The United States.
III
Weak
17 mi (27 km)
SW from epicenter
Bethany

Oklahoma, The United States.
III
Weak
23 mi (37 km)
WSW from epicenter
Yukon

Oklahoma, The United States.
III
Weak
23 mi (37 km)
SSW from epicenter
Moore

Oklahoma, The United States.
III
Weak
27 mi (43 km)
SW from epicenter
Mustang

Oklahoma, The United States.
III
Weak
30 mi (49 km)
S from epicenter
Norman

Oklahoma, The United States.
III
Weak
32 mi (52 km)
WSW from epicenter
El Reno

Oklahoma, The United States.
III
Weak
35 mi (57 km)
SE from epicenter
Shawnee

Oklahoma, The United States.
III
Weak
37 mi (59 km)
NNE from epicenter
Stillwater

Oklahoma, The United States.
IV
Light
52 mi (84 km)
SW from epicenter
Chickasha

Oklahoma, The United States.
III
Weak
57 mi (92 km)
NNW from epicenter
Enid

Oklahoma, The United States.
III
Weak
74 mi (119 km)
SE from epicenter
Ada

Oklahoma, The United States.
III
Weak
74 mi (119 km)
NNE from epicenter
Ponca City

Oklahoma, The United States.
III
Weak
76 mi (122 km)
ENE from epicenter
Sapulpa

Oklahoma, The United States.
III
Weak
80 mi (128 km)
ENE from epicenter
Sand Springs

Oklahoma, The United States.
III
Weak
84 mi (135 km)
ENE from epicenter
Jenks

Oklahoma, The United States.
III
Weak
86 mi (138 km)
ENE from epicenter
Tulsa

Oklahoma, The United States.
III
Weak
86 mi (139 km)
SSW from epicenter
Duncan

Oklahoma, The United States.
III
Weak
87 mi (140 km)
ENE from epicenter
Bixby

Oklahoma, The United States.
III
Weak
92 mi (148 km)
SW from epicenter
Lawton

Oklahoma, The United States.
III
Weak
94 mi (151 km)
ENE from epicenter
Broken Arrow

Oklahoma, The United States.
III
Weak
96 mi (154 km)
ENE from epicenter
Owasso

Oklahoma, The United States.
III
Weak
104 mi (167 km)
S from epicenter
Ardmore

Oklahoma, The United States.
III
Weak
105 mi (169 km)
ESE from epicenter
McAlester

Oklahoma, The United States.
III
Weak
109 mi (175 km)
NE from epicenter
Bartlesville

Oklahoma, The United States.
III
Weak
109 mi (176 km)
ENE from epicenter
Claremore

Oklahoma, The United States.
III
Weak
114 mi (183 km)
E from epicenter
Muskogee

Oklahoma, The United States.
III
Weak
129 mi (208 km)
SSE from epicenter
Durant

Oklahoma, The United States.
III
Weak
130 mi (209 km)
N from epicenter
Derby

Kansas, The United States.
130 mi (210 km)
WSW from epicenter
Altus

Oklahoma, The United States.
III
Weak
136 mi (219 km)
SSW from epicenter
Wichita Falls

Texas, The United States.
III
Weak
137 mi (221 km)
E from epicenter
Tahlequah

Oklahoma, The United States.
140 mi (225 km)
N from epicenter
Wichita

Kansas, The United States.
141 mi (227 km)
SSE from epicenter
Denison

Texas, The United States.
147 mi (237 km)
SSE from epicenter
Sherman

Texas, The United States.
168 mi (270 km)
N from epicenter
Hutchinson

Kansas, The United States.
170 mi (273 km)
E from epicenter
Fort Smith

Arkansas, The United States.
170 mi (274 km)
S from epicenter
Denton

Texas, The United States.
175 mi (282 km)
S from epicenter
Little Elm

Texas, The United States.
176 mi (284 km)
SSE from epicenter
McKinney

Texas, The United States.
177 mi (285 km)
S from epicenter
Frisco

Texas, The United States.
180 mi (290 km)
S from epicenter
The Colony

Texas, The United States.
182 mi (293 km)
SSE from epicenter
Allen

Texas, The United States.
183 mi (294 km)
S from epicenter
Lewisville

Texas, The United States.
183 mi (295 km)
ENE from epicenter
Bella Vista

Arkansas, The United States.
183 mi (295 km)
E from epicenter
Fayetteville

Arkansas, The United States.
184 mi (296 km)
S from epicenter
Flower Mound

Texas, The United States.
185 mi (297 km)
ENE from epicenter
Bentonville

Arkansas, The United States.
Cities and Towns around the epicenter of this earthquake.

Earthquake Intensity Map

The maximum intensity (MMI Scale) caused by this earthquake is VI. The map below shows in which areas this earthquake was the most and least impactful. It is based on data from the US Geographic Survey.

I Not felt
II Weak
III Weak
IV Light
V Moderate
VI Strong
VII Very Strong
VIII Severe
IX Violent
X Extreme
Earthquake Intensity Map based on Shakemap Data provided by USGS.

5 Aftershocks detected

After this earthquake struck, 5 smaller aftershocks occurred. A 4.1 magnitude earthquake hit 8 hrs later 0.7 mi (1.2 km) west-northwest of this earthquake.

This main shock was prefaced by 1 smaller foreshock. A 3.2 magnitude earthquake hit 9 mins earlier nearby.

Overview of foreshocks and aftershocks

Classification Magnitude When Where
Foreshock M 3.2 9 mins earlier
Jan 12, 2024 09:37PM (Chicago Time)
0.4 mi (0.6 km)
E from Main Shock.
Main Shock
This Earthquake
M 4.3 Jan 12, 2024 09:46PM
(Chicago Time)
-
Aftershock M 2.5 18 mins later
Jan 12, 2024 10:04PM (Chicago Time)
0.4 mi (0.6 km)
ESE from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 2.6 7 hrs later
Jan 13, 2024 04:43AM (Chicago Time)
0.4 mi (0.6 km)
E from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 4.1 8 hrs later
Jan 13, 2024 05:36AM (Chicago Time)
0.7 mi (1.2 km)
WNW from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 2.7 9 hrs later
Jan 13, 2024 06:55AM (Chicago Time)
0.7 mi (1.1 km)
NW from Main Shock.
Aftershock M 2.9 1 day later
Jan 14, 2024 06:38AM (Chicago Time)
0.2 mi (0.3 km)
E from Main Shock.
Detected MAG2.5+ earthquakes within within 100km (62 mi), that occurred in the three days before and after the main shock.

More earthquakes coming?

Aftershocks are usually at least 1 order of magnitude less strong than main shocks. The more time passes, the smaller the chance and likely strength of any potential aftershocks.

In only six percent of cases, significant earthquakes are followed by a larger main shock, making the current earthquake a foreshock. While the chance of this happening is not so large, it is adviced to maintain cautiousness in the hours and days following a major earthquake.

Read: How to Stay Safe during an Earthquake (cdc.gov).

Earthquakes like this happen often in the region

Earthquakes of this strength are very common in the region. This is the strongest earthquake to hit since January 31st, 2022, when a 4.5 magnitude earthquake hit 85 mi (136 km) further north-northwest. An even stronger magnitude 5.8 earthquake struck on September 3rd, 2016.

In total, 31 earthquakes with a magnitude of 4.3 or higher have been registered within 300km (186 mi) of this epicenter in the past 10 years. This comes down to an average of once every 4 months.

Tsunami very unlikely

DISCLAIMER: We strongly suggest to closely monitor advice from local authorities with regards to tsunami risks. Our analysis is based on automatically collected data from external sources, and these might contain mistakes. In addition, earthquakes can cause landslides that may lead to a tsunami, or be a followed by another, potentially stonger, earthquake.

While MAG-6.5+ earthquakes may cause tsunami's, it appears that the epicenter of this earthquake hit under land. In addition, the reported depth is deeper than 100km, making the risk of a tsunami even less likely. However always stay cautious and monitor advice from local authorities.

Tsunami Risk Factors

Factor Under Sea? MAG-6.5 or stronger? Shallow depth?
Explanation Almost all tsunami's are caused by earthquakes with their epicenter under sea or very near the sea. However stay cautious in coastal areas as earthquakes on land may cause landslides into sea, potentially still causing a local tsunami. Under MAG 6.5: Very unlikely to cause a tsunami.
MAG 6.5 to 7.5: Destructive tsunami's do occur, but are uncommon. Likely to observe small sea level changes.
MAG 7.6+: Earthquakes with these magnitudes might produce destructive tsunami's.
Most destructive tsunami's are caused by shallow earthquakes with a depth between 0 and 100km under the surface of the earth. Deeper tsunami's are unlikely to displace to ocean floor.
This Earthquake Not this earthquake.
This earthquake appears to have struck on land far from any coast.
Not this earthquake.
This earthquake had a magnitude of 4.3. Earthquakes of this strength are unlikely to trigger a tsunami.
This earthquake occurred at a depth of of 4 mi (7 km). Earthquakes this shallow could trigger a tsunami.

Sources

Last updated 03/03/24 04:28 (). This article is automatically generated based on available data. We keep checking multiple sources for additional information. This article gets updated as new details on this earthquake become available.

  1. US Geographic Society (USGS): Earthquake ok2024awfn
  2. European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre (EMSC): Earthquake 20240113_0000047
  3. Geonames.org: World Cities Database
  4. Google Maps: Static API
  5. Earthquakelist.org: Historic Earthquakes Database

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